23. März - Erinnerungen - Geschichte

23. März - Erinnerungen - Geschichte


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

CAMP PENNSYLVANIA, Kuwait (Army News Service, 24. März 2003) - Der trübe Staub der Wüste hat sich heute Morgen leicht auf ein Paar Kampfstiefel gelegt. Ein umgedrehtes schwarzes Gewehr stand in Bauchlage, gekrönt von einem Tarnhelm, auf dem die schwarze Keule der Bastogne-Brigade eingeprägt war.

Ein Satz silberner Erkennungsmarken hing regungslos am Gewehr und fing einen Schimmer der Morgensonne ein. Auf diesen Schildern war ein Name eingraviert, der schwer im Morgendunst lag: Kapitän Christopher Seifert, 28 Jahre alt, Kapitän, Assistent S2, Hauptquartier der 1. Brigade, 101. Luftlandedivision. Der 101. hatte einen eigenen verloren.

Gegen 1.30 Uhr am Sonntagmorgen rissen Granatexplosionen durch Zelte, die von Mitgliedern des Hauptquartiers der Brigade besetzt waren. 16 Soldaten, die meisten davon Offiziere des Brigadestabs, wurden verwundet, so der Divisionskommandeur Generalmajor David H. Petraeus.

Mehrere Soldaten wurden in Lazarette evakuiert, wo Seifert später starb. Drei weitere wurden operiert und befinden sich in einem ernsten, aber stabilen Zustand.

Inmitten der letzten Vorbereitungen für den Einmarsch in den Irak haben die Soldaten der 1.

"Ich habe Chris Seifert geliebt", sagte Maj. Kyle Warren, Brigade S2, Seiferts Chef. "Er war der großartige Soldat, den jeder hier wollte. Er war der Soldat, den Sie führen wollten, er war der Soldat, dem Sie folgen wollten."

Seifert war ein Infanteriezugführer, eine Airborne School und Absolvent des Basic Infantryman Course und besuchte später den Military Intelligence Advanced Officer's Course. Er war ein angesehener Offizier, der hart arbeitete und von seinen Vorgesetzten und Untergebenen gleichermaßen respektiert wurde, sagte Warren.

"Er war positiv", sagte er. "Er würde wollen, dass wir an diesem Punkt sind ... weitermachen und tun, was wir tun müssen."

Die Gesichter einiger Soldaten begannen zu glänzen, als Warren über Seiferts Familie sprach. Seine Frau Theresa und sein kleiner Junge Benjamin, Einwohner von Clarksville, Tennessee, besuchten Verwandte in Morrisville, Pennsylvania, als sie am Sonntag über Chris' Tod informiert wurden.

"Er hatte einen neuen Jungen, Benjamin, und jeder hätte gerne so ein Kind bekommen", sagte Warren. Er fuhr fort, wenn der Krieg vorbei ist, werde er mit Theresa über ihre Gefühle und das Opfer sprechen, das sie gebracht hat, und er ist zuversichtlich, dass sie es aushalten kann.

"Wenn ich mit Terri spreche, bin ich sicher, dass sie dieselbe Frau sein wird, die großartige Frau, die sie war, als sie sagte, dass sie ein Teil von Chris' Leben sein wollte", sagte er. „Und ich bin sicher, sie wird ihrem Sohn von seinem Vater erzählen wollen.

Warren beschrieb die Emotionen, die sich in seinem Magen drehten und wie gut es für die Soldaten ist, zusammenzukommen, um die Wunden in ihren schmerzenden Herzen zu heilen.

"Die Wut über den Angriff ist sehr real und ich möchte das spüren, und ich denke, wir alle wollen das spüren."

Ein Kamerad, der vor seiner Zeit durch feindliches Feuer niedergeschlagen wurde, ist ernüchternd genug, aber was den Heilungsprozess für die Division noch verstärkt, ist der Schmerz des Verrats und des Unglaubens: ein Kamerad der 101., der einer von der 1. wird verdächtigt, den Angriff ausgeführt zu haben.

"Was gestern passiert ist, hat uns alle bis zu einem gewissen Grad betroffen, manche mehr als andere", sagte Brigadekaplanin Rodie Lamb, die am Sonntag leichte Verletzungen erlitt. "Wir versuchen herauszufinden, warum jemand aus unseren Reihen solche Taten begeht. Unsere Herzen sind besorgt, mit vielen unbeantworteten Fragen."

Lamb las eine Passage aus dem Buch Johannes, die lautet: "Vertraue und gehorche. Es gibt keinen anderen Weg, als zu vertrauen und zu gehorchen."

"Wir brauchen keine Angst oder Zweifel am Glauben in einer ungewissen Zukunft zu haben", sagte Lamb. "Vertraue auf Gott und er wird dir Ruhe geben. Denk daran, wir haben ein Rendezvous mit dem Schicksal."

Oberst Frederick B. Hodges, Brigadekommandeur, der leichte Verletzungen am Arm erlitt, stand aufrecht und fest. Er sagte den Soldaten, wie stolz er darauf sei, wie sie am Sonntagmorgen während des Angriffs reagiert hätten.

"Ich habe gesehen, wie Soldaten, Sergeants und Offiziere kühl, effizient und schnell reagierten, als sie das Gebiet sicherten, den Angreifer festnahmen und die Verantwortung für all unsere Soldaten, Ausrüstung und Munition übernahmen", sagte er. "Die Umstände waren sehr schwierig, daher hätte ich nicht stolzer auf die Reaktion jedes einzelnen von euch sein können."

Hodges sagte, Seifert sei seit ihrer Ankunft in Kuwait direkt für viele wesentliche Teile verantwortlich, um die Brigade zur Kampfbereitschaft zu bringen, und sowohl seine Fähigkeiten als auch seine Persönlichkeit werden vermisst.

"Ich weiß jedoch, dass er jetzt lächelt, als er sieht, wie wir uns darauf vorbereiten (Bodenangriffskonvoi) und unsere Mission zu beginnen. Genau so würde er es wollen, und so können wir ihn am besten ehren, indem wir fortfahren." unsere Mission", sagte er.

Hodges erinnerte seine Truppen daran, dass noch andere harte Tage vor uns liegen, die aber ertragen werden können und werden.

"Ich bin kein Cheerleader, aber lassen Sie mich Ihnen das sagen", sagte er. "Es gibt nichts, was einen Schreienden Adler aufhalten kann."

Command Sgt. Major Bart E. Womack, Brigadekommandofeldwebel, machte die Soldaten aufmerksam. "Geschenk Waffen!" er schrie.

Rechte Hände trafen auf die Stirn, als die Soldaten Kapitän Seifert eine letzte Höflichkeit erwiesen. Sie blieben stehen, während das messingfarbene Blech des Signalhorns die düsteren Schläge spielte. Drei Salven wurden abgefeuert und brachen die relative Stille des Morgens.

Offiziere und Mannschaften umarmten sich gleichermaßen. Die Soldaten bemühten sich, die Fassung zu bewahren und blieben ruhig, selbst wenn Tränen für ihren Freund vergossen wurden.

Der Großteil des Lagers sei inzwischen in der Lage, Trauer und Schock zu verarbeiten und weiterzuziehen, sagte Oberstleutnant Marcus F. De Oliviera, Kommandeur des 1. Bataillons des 327. Infanterieregiments.

Diejenigen, die bei der Explosion verletzt wurden, hielten ihre Wunden bedeckt und versuchten, keine Anzeichen von Schwäche zu zeigen. Die meisten von ihnen zeigten keine Anzeichen, dass sie verletzt waren.

„Mir geht es gut“, sagte Hodges und drehte sein rechtes Handgelenk ein wenig, um zu zeigen, dass sein Arm noch funktioniert. Sein Gruß und sein Händedruck sind noch immer fest.

Die Soldaten der Bastogne-Brigade verließen langsam den Raum, den rohen Willen aufbringend, einen langen Arbeitstag zu beginnen. Es wird erwartet, dass sie sich zu einem Konvoi für Bodenangriffe zusammenschließen und sich auf den Weg nach Norden in den Irak vorbereiten. Dahinter verbleiben Seiferts Waffe, sein Helm, seine Stiefel und seine glänzenden Marken, die sich steil gegen die Wüstenlandschaft abheben.

(Anmerkung der Redaktion: Pfc. James Matise ist Journalist bei der 101. Airborne Division.


Möchten Sie mehr über das Maschinengewehrkorps erfahren?

während des Großen Krieges 1914-1918.

  • Abrahamson John Alexander. Fähiger Seemann (gest. 16. November 1916)
  • Alderton John Henry. Pt. (gest. 18. September 1918)
  • Alexander David. Pt.
  • Alexander Jakob. Pt.
  • Allen Arthur Hewitt. Leutnant
  • Allen Wellington L.Pte. (gest. 22. August 1917)
  • Allison William. Pt. (gest. 7. Juni 1917)
  • Mandel John. Pt. (gest. 19. August 1916)
  • Anderson Henry McDonnell. Leutnant (gest. 30. Mai 1918)
  • Andrews Ernst William. L/Sgt.
  • Andrews Henry Edmund. Pt.
  • Aron. Unterleutnant (gest. 13. November 1916)
  • Atkins Arthur Leslie. Pt.
  • Atkinson James. Fähiger Seemann (gest. 13. Februar 1917)
  • Avison Arthur Thomas. Pt. (gest. 15. November 1917)
  • Ayton. Fähiger Seemann (gest. 13. November 1916)
  • Bailey Francis Samuel. Kpl.
  • Bailey Harry. Pt. (gest. 21. März 1918)
  • Bäcker Edwin Horace. Pt.
  • Baker T.A.. Pte. (gest. Okt. 1916)
  • Bäcker William Ingram. (gest. 7. Juni 1917)
  • Bälle Daniel Methuen Französisch. Pt.
  • Friseur Frank Ernst Edward. (gest. 8. August 1917 )
  • Bardrick John Alexander. Pt.
  • Barker John. Leutnant
  • Barnes Septimus Willis. Pte
  • Barnett Harry. Pt.
  • Barnwell John. Mjr.
  • Fass Arthur. Pt. (gest. 11. Juni 1917)
  • Barrell Reginald Percy. Rflmn. (gest. 26. März 1918)
  • Barry John Joseph. Pte (gest. 25. August 1918)
  • Baston William Edwell. Pt. (gest. 1. Januar 1918)
  • Beamer Ellis. Pt. (gest. 18. November 1917)
  • Beamer Ellis. Pt. (gest. 18. November 1917)
  • Bart Lewis Digby Mansell. 2. Leutnant (gest. 19. Okt 1916)
  • Bart Lewis Digby Mansell. 2. Leutnant (gest. 19. Oktober 1916)
  • Beaton William James. 2. Leutnant (gest. 24. September 1917)
  • Bethune Douglas. Pt. (gest. 1. Juli 1916 )
  • Bethune Thomas.
  • Bibel Geoffrey Roskell. 2. Leutnant (gest. 1. Juli 1916)
  • Bicker Claude Thomas. Pt. (gest. 1. Juni 1917)
  • Binks Walter. Pte (gest. 22. Juli 1917)
  • Vogel Alfred Allan. Pte
  • Schwarzer George Harold. Sgt.
  • Bloore Arthur Cyril. Pte
  • Schläge E.J.. Pte.
  • Blythe John. Pt. (gest. 8. September 1916)
  • Bollands Walter. Pt.
  • Bond Friedrich Alexander. Pt.
  • Bond Milton. Pte (gest. 27. Juli 1916)
  • Segen John Charles. Pt. (gest. 16. November 1916)
  • Chef John William. Sgt.
  • Boston. Leutnant
  • Botto Frank. Pt. (gest. 14. Okt 1916)
  • Unten Thomas. Pt. (gest. 1. Juli 1916)
  • Bower Joseph William. Pte (gest. 3. Dez. 1917)
  • Bowler Edward. Pt.
  • Boyle Edward. Pt. (gest. 28. Juni 1917)
  • Boyle Thomas. Pt.
  • Bradley Alfred. Pt. (gest. 6. Juni 1917)
  • Bradley Alfred. Pt. (gest. 6. Juni 1917)
  • Bradshaw Harry Eccles William. Kpl. (gest. 17. Juli 1919)
  • Bradshaw William. Pt. (gest. 3. Dez. 1917)
  • Brampton Reginald. Pt.
  • Brennan John. Pt. (gest. 9. April 1917)
  • Brauer Herbert Noton. Kpl.
  • Brian Reginald. Pt. (gest. 16. April 1917)
  • Brighton George. Pt. (gest. 3. November 1918)
  • Bromley William Henry. Kpl. (gest. 15. Juli 1916)
  • Brooke Horace. L/Sgt.
  • Brophy Daniel. Pt. (gest. 4. Nov. 1918)
  • Brotherton W.. Pte. (gest. 21. März 1918)
  • Brauner George Thomas. Sgt. (gest. 31. Juli 1917)
  • Brauner Wilfred. Juwel
  • Brauner Wilhelm. L/Kpl. (gest. 22. August 1918)
  • Buckley Reginald. 2. Leutnant
  • Klette Albert Victor. Pt. (gest. 3. Dezember 1917)
  • Burgoine G.Lt.
  • Burnley Albert. Pt. (gest. 16. September 1917)
  • Burt George. Pt. (gest.11.11.1917)
  • Burton C.J.Lt.
  • Butterworth Frank. Pte..
  • Buxton Jocelyn Murray Victor. 2. Leutnant (gest. 1. Juli 1916)
  • Buxton Robert. Pt. (gest. 15. Juli 1918)
  • Kabel Charles Ernst. Rfmn. (gest. 22. April 1917)
  • Caddle J.. Cpl. (gest. 1. November 1918)
  • Caine Evan Idwal. Pt. (gest. 9. Juni 1917)
  • Campbell H.. Pte.
  • Süßigkeit Charles. Kpl. (gest. 4. Mai 1917)
  • Kanone Patrick. Pt. (gest. 23. August 1917)
  • Cardwell John. Pt. (gest. 25. April 1918)
  • Carter Edgar. Pt.
  • Caulfield Frederick A.. Pte. (gest. 29. August 1916)
  • Höhle Robin Douglas. (gest. 18. August 1918)
  • Cavin Thomas. Pt. (gest. 28. Juni 1917)
  • Chaisty Lawrence. Pt.
  • Sänger Heinrich. Pt.
  • Chatfield Albert Edward. Sjt.
  • Chatt J. W. Pte.
  • Chatter John Howard. Pt. (gest. 1. Mai 1916)
  • Chilman Richard Henry. Pt. (gest. 8. Juni 1917)
  • Churchill Alfred Henry.
  • Clark Archibald Ernst. Sgt.
  • Clark Charles Alexander.
  • Clark Fred. Sjt (gest. 9. März 1918)
  • Clarke Charles St. Aubyn. 2. Leutnant (gest. 30. Juli 1918)
  • Clarke William James Thomas. Pt.
  • Clarke William A. St. Aubyn. Unter-Lt. (gest. 30. Dez. 1917)
  • Cleak Frederick George. Pt. (gest. 2. September 1918)
  • Cleveland-Sydney. Pt.
  • Cockbill Harry Vernon. Qtr.Mstr.Sgt. (gest. 10. April 1918)
  • Coleman Ernest James. Sgt. (gest. 28. April 1917)
  • Colley Robert Archibald. Kapitän (gest. 27. Februar 1917)
  • Collins Joseph. Pt. (gest. 18.09.1918)
  • Akelei Herbert George. Pt. (gest. 22. März 1918)
  • Konstabler Thomas. Pt.
  • Coombe N.. Pte. (gest. 1. Juli 1916)
  • Kornischer Harry. L/Sgt.
  • Cragg Brian. Pt.
  • Craike-Pickering Maurice Stanley. Leutnant (gest. 14. April 1918)
  • Crawford Hugh. L/Kpl. (gest. 4. April 1918)
  • Crawford John. WO2.
  • Crawford William John. Pt.
  • Crickmore John.
  • Krümeliger Philipp. Pt. (gest. 18. Juli 1917)
  • Currie George Francis. Pt.
  • Cutts Leonard. Pt.
  • Daniels William James. Pt. (gest. 3. September 1916)
  • Davidson Thomas. Sgt. (gest. 24. Februar 1917)
  • Davies Daniel. L/Kpl. (gest. 21. September 1918)
  • Davies M.. Sgt.
  • Davies Robert William. Pt.
  • Davies Thomas Ivor. Pt.
  • Davy Percy Raymond. Pt. (gest. 31. August 1918)
  • Dekan Robert L.. Cpt.
  • Dennison Albert Christopher. Pt. (gest. 1. Juli 1916)
  • Dillon J.. Sgt.
  • Dixon Allan. Pt.
  • Dobson Bramley. Pt. (gest. 5. April 1918)
  • Dockerei Wilhelm. Pt. (gest. 5. Okt 1917)
  • Dockrey William. Pt. (gest. 5. Okt 1917)
  • Donald George Moir. Pt.
  • Donald George Moir. Pt.
  • Dossett Walter. Pt. (gest. 25. Juni 1918)
  • Dryburgh Walter Hulton. Pt. (gest. 1. Juli 1917)
  • Herzog Johannes. Sgt. (gest. 1. Juli 1916)
  • Adler James. Pt. (gest. 3. Dez. 1917)
  • Ebbs George Edward. Pt. (gest. 1. Juli 1916)
  • Edmondson Charles Edward. Pt. (gest. 2. Juni 1918)
  • Edwards Thomas. Pt.
  • Eggleton Henry. Leutnant
  • Der alte Charles. Pte (gest. 22. März 1918)
  • Ellis Gordon Gerald. Privatgelände
  • Ellis Harry. Pt.
  • Ellis Trevor Edgar. 2. Leutnant (gest. 10. April 1918)
  • Evans Levi Henry. Sgt (gest. 11. November 1917)
  • Everard Nathaniel Joshua. Sgt. (gest. 9. Okt 1917)
  • Fallen Sie Reginald. Pt. (gest. 24. März 1918)
  • Farrell Mark Vincent. Pte (gest. 2. Juli 1917)
  • Farrell Thomas. Sjt.
  • Federstein George Maurice. Pt.
  • Ferguson Ernst Victor. Pt. (gest. 20. Februar 1917)
  • Fischer Thomas. Pt. (gest. 24. März 1918)
  • Flanagan Robert. Pt. (gest. 7. Okt 1916)
  • Forman Alfred. (gest. 2. Juni 1917)
  • Foulkes Walter Joseph. Dvr.
  • Fowler Friedrich Wilhelm. Pt. (gest. 9. Juni 1917)
  • Frith Willis Hirwen. Pt. (gest. 8. Juni 1917)
  • Fulbrook Frederick George. Pt. (gest. 7. Juni 1917)
  • Giebel Ruben Harry. Pt.
  • Spielen Sie Roland Cavendish. Sergeant
  • Gardner Charles Lyall. Pt. (gest. 30.09.1918)
  • Garner Charles William. Pt. (gest. 27. November 1917)
  • Gaskin Peter. Sgt (gest. 17. September 1918)
  • Galle Johannes. Pt. (gest. 4. Juli 1918)
  • Gawthorpe William. Pt. (gest. 21. März 1918)
  • Blick George.
  • George Walter John. Pt. (gest. 11. April 1917)
  • Geraghty Denis. L/Kpl. (gest. 13. April 1918)
  • Geraghty John. Sgt. (gest. 14. Dez. 1919)
  • Gifford Frederick W.. Pte. (gest. 4. Juli 1917)
  • Glancy Michael John. A/Cpl (gest. 16. März 1916)
  • Gogarty Christoph. Pt. (gest. 30. März 1918)
  • Goldney A.L.Y..
  • Gomes Alvaro Druce. Leutnant
  • Gutmann Arthur. Sgt.
  • Gourlay Benjamin. Sgt. (gest. 18. Mai 1917)
  • Graham Benjamin. fähiges Meer.
  • Grant Robert William. Pt. (gest. 7. Juni 1917)
  • Grauer Johannes. Pt. (gest. 9. Juni 1917)
  • Grau W M. 2. Leutnant
  • Grüner Alfred. Pt. (gest.13. Dez. 1917)
  • Grüner Alfred Bertie. Pt.
  • Grüner Henry Alfred.
  • Griffith Herbert Burrows. Pt. (gest. 21. März 1918)
  • Griffiths George. Pt. (gest. 25. Okt 1918)
  • Griffiths George. Pt. (gest. 6. November 1918)
  • Gast James. Privatgelände
  • Hallums Cecil Albert. Pt.
  • Halsall Walter. (gest. 1. August 1917)
  • Hände Heinrich. Sgt
  • Harbridge James Thomas. L/Kpl. (gest. 3. Dez. 1917)
  • Harding Sidney James. Pt. (gest. 24. Oktober 1918)
  • Harmer Karl. Pt.
  • Harmer Ezra Jack. Pt. (gest. 4. Oktober 1917)
  • Harris George. Pt. (gest. 3. Juli 1917)
  • Hart Andrew Chichester. Pt. (gest. 1. Juli 1916)
  • Hartley Ernst Henry. Pt. (gest. 10. April 1917)
  • Hartley James Henry. Pt. (gest. 20. April 1918)
  • Hartshorn Cornelius John. Pt. (gest. 26. August 1916)
  • Harvey William Henry. Sgt.
  • Harvey William Henry. Sgt.
  • Haskell Henry John. Pt.
  • Hawker Robert Harcourt. Pt. (gest. 19. Juni 1919)
  • Hawkins Leslie William. 2. Leutnant
  • Hazeley E.Lt.
  • Gesunder Patrick. Pt.
  • Heanes Arthur. Sgt.
  • Hession J. Pte.
  • Heybyrne Henry Ivor.
  • Knutschfleck John. L/Cpl (gest. 22. September 1917)
  • Highcock Peter. Kpl. (gest. 14. November 1918)
  • Hügel Thomas. Pt. (gest. 6. Juli 1916)
  • Hügel Leslie Clarence. Kpl.
  • Hilton Ernst. Pt.
  • Hitchen Richard James. (gest. 16. Mai 1917)
  • Hodson William. Pt.
  • Holmes James Joesph. Pt. (gest. 12. Okt 1918)
  • Holmes Sydney John. Pt. (gest. 13. April 1918)
  • Hopkins Francis John. L/Cpl
  • Houghton Richard. Pt.
  • Howell Harry. A.Kpl.
  • Hubbard Joseph Henry.
  • Hughes Robert Ellis. Pt.
  • Hullah Joseph Llewellyn. L/Kpl. (gest. 20. Okt 1917)
  • Humphreys Noel Forbes. Kapitän (gest. 27. März 1918)
  • Hutting William. Pt.
  • Jebbett E.. Pte. (gest. 19. Okt 1917)
  • Jennings James. Pt. (gest. 6. September 1917)
  • Jones A M. Lt.
  • Jones David Tudor. Leutnant/Kapitän.
  • Jones W.. Pte.
  • Kay F.. L/Kpl.
  • Kay John Brayshaw. Pt.
  • Kay John Brayshaw. Pt.
  • Keech Edward Thomas. Pt. (gest. 2. Juli 1918)
  • Kendall Charles. Pt. (gest. 21. August 1918)
  • Kenny Daniel. Kpl. (gest. 11. April 1918)
  • Kent John Walter. Pt.
  • Kerr Andrew Smith. Sgt. (gest. 19. April 1917)
  • König Thomas. Pt. (gest.02. Dezember 1917)
  • Knowles Amos. Pt. (gest. 21. Oktober 1916)
  • Lamm John Alfred. Pt. (gest. 26. April 1917)
  • Lancaster Thomas. Sgt.
  • Lanchester Walter G.. (gest. 30.09.1918)
  • Langford V G.
  • Großer Franken. Privatgelände
  • Larn Cyrill Francis. Mjr.
  • Lathlan William John. Pt. (gest. 11. Januar 1917)
  • Latlane William John. Pt. (gest. 11. Januar 1917)
  • Lawrence William H.. Pte.
  • Lax Theodore Bertram. Pt.
  • Leder von Robert. Pt. (gest. 27. September 1918)
  • Lee Kenneth. Pt. (gest. 30. Mai 1918)
  • Lee Patrick. Pt.
  • Leitch Mathew Bryce. Pt.
  • Lewis David Thomas. Pt.
  • Lewis David Evan. 2. Leutnant
  • Lewis Sydney G.. Ptr.
  • Leichter Earl Eustace. Pt.
  • Lockley John Bright. CQMS (gest. 5. April 1918)
  • Mackay Angus. Kpl. (gest. 5. Mai 1917)
  • Mackay Angus. Kpl. (gest. 5. Mai 1917)
  • Maggs Bertram. Spr.
  • Malkin Lawrence. Pt.
  • Mallaby James. Kpl.
  • Mallon Michael. Sjt. (gest. 26.09.1917)
  • Mansfield Harry. Pt. (gest. 17. April 1918)
  • Mark William John. Sgt.
  • Marsch Wilhelm. Pt. (gest. 9. Oktober 1916)
  • Marshall Harvey William. Pt. (gest. 11. Dez. 1918)
  • Martin Wilhelm. Pt. (gest. 12.09.1918)
  • Maxwell George Barton. 2Lt.
  • McAlpin-Kenneth Furgus. T/Capt
  • McCarthy Laurence. Pt. (gest. 16. Okt 1918)
  • McCarthy Laurence. Pt. (gest. 16. Oktober 1918)
  • McConachie William. Haupt.
  • McDermott Thomas. L/Kpl. (gest. 1. Dez. 1917)
  • McDonald James Francis. Sgt. (gest. 9. September 1919)
  • McDougall William. Sgt.
  • McGregor David Stuart. Lt. (gest. 22. Oktober 1918)
  • McGurk Bernhard. Pt. (gest. 6. September 1917)
  • McIlhone John. Pt.
  • McKenzie Hugh McDonald. Lt. (gest. 30. Okt 1917)
  • McKenzie James. L/Kpl.
  • McLauchlan-James Smith. Pt. (gest. 18. August 1916)
  • McNally Joseph Brunton. Pt.
  • McPhee Isaac. Pt.
  • McQueen Samuel Brown. 2. Leutnant
  • McQuillin Stephen Alfred. Sgt.
  • McTernan-Patrick. L/Kpl. (gest. 18. Oktober 1918)
  • Measey Thomas. Pt. (gest. 20. Januar 1917)
  • Mickel Friedrich Wilhelm. Pt. (gest. 14. Juli 1917)
  • Miles George Ernst. A/Sgt.
  • Millett William H.. Cpl. (gest. 29. November 1917)
  • Mühlen Archibald. Pt.
  • Millsop Samuel. Pte (gest. 17. Okt 1918)
  • Milton Edwin. Pt.
  • Mingham Joseph. Pt.
  • Mingham Joseph. Pt.
  • Minnis Thomas. Pt. (gest. 27. April 1918)
  • Mitchell Thomas. Pt.
  • Mogg Samuel Henry Ernst. Pte (gest. 3. Juli 1917)
  • Moloney Peter. Pt. (gest. 12. März 1916)
  • Geld John William. Sgt. (gest. 31. Juli 1916)
  • Moorhaus Abraham. A/SM.
  • Morgan John Wilson. Pte
  • Moritz Oscar Frank. 2. Leutnant (gest. 27. Juli 1916)
  • Mowatt George. Pt. (gest. 20. Juli 1918)
  • Muirhead Thomas Barrie. L/Kpl. (gest. 16. März 1917)
  • Murphy Patrick. Pt. (gest. 12.09.1918)
  • Musgrove William. L/Kpl. (gest. 5. Juli 1918)
  • Neal Josia. Pt.
  • Neal William Leonard. Pt. (gest. 23. November 1917)
  • Nesbitt David. Pt.
  • Newcombe J. (gest. 9. Nov 1918)
  • Neumann Friedrich. Pt. (gest. 22. November 1917)
  • Newton J.. Pte. (gest. 8. Juni 1917)
  • Nicholson Cyril Howard. Pt. (gest. 12. Okt 1918)
  • Nicholson Cyril Howard. Pt. (gest. 12. Okt 1918)
  • Norton John William. Pt.
  • Oakley Frank. L/Kpl. (gest. 2. August 1917)
  • Olive Frank Leslie. Pt. (gest.11.11.1918)
  • Orvis Henry William. Sgt. (gest. 15. Mai 1918)
  • Osborne William. Pt. (gest. 3. Juli 1917)
  • Owen James. Pt.
  • Besitzt Frank. L/Kpl. (gest. 5. April 1918)
  • Packham Edward. Pt. (gest. 25. Oktober 1917)
  • Seite Harry. Sgt.
  • Schmerz Major William. Pt. (gest. 7. Juni 1917)
  • Panter Herbert. Pt. (gest. 9. April 1918)
  • Parker Karl Friedrich. Pt. (gest. 21. März 1918)
  • Parker GH Sgt.
  • Parr Harry William Charles. Pt.
  • Perkins Albert. 2.Lt. (gest. 4. Oktober 1917)
  • Petchell Arthur. Pt. (gest. 10. März 1915)
  • Pittman Arthur George. Pt. (gest.13. Okt 1918)
  • Pitts William Henry. L/Sgt. (gest. 22. Juni 1917)
  • Pflanze Edward. A/L/Kpl.
  • Plested Tom. Pt. (gest. 5. Juli 1916)
  • Portch Stanley George. Pt.
  • Potts John William. L/Kpl. (gest. 26. September 1917)
  • Powell Norman de'Orfe. Pte
  • Preston Frank Albert George. Pt. (gest. 28. November 1917)
  • Priestley Dyker Stanton. 2/Lt. (gest. 1. Juli 1916)
  • Prinz Henry George. Pt.
  • Pyrah Joseph. Pt. (gest. 8. Okt 1918)
  • Quincey George Henry. Kpl.
  • Ratcliffe John. Pt. (gest. 8. September 1917)
  • Reece Thomas. Pt.
  • Reeve Harry William. Pt. (gest. 25. Okt 1917)
  • Richardson James Andrew. L/Kpl.
  • Richardson William. Pt. (gest. 8. Oktober 1916)
  • Richmond Harold Thomas. Pt.
  • Rickard Reginald. Pt. (gest. 1. Juli 1916)
  • Ritchie John. Pt. (gest. 21. März 1918)
  • Roberts Charles. Sgt.
  • Roberts Harry. L/Kpl.
  • Roberts John Stephen. L/Cpl
  • Roberts William Ivor.
  • Robinson George Ellis. Pte
  • Robinson George Ellis.
  • Robinson Samuel.
  • Robinson T.. Pte. (gest. 9. Juni 1917)
  • Robson John. Pt. (gest. 19. September 1916)
  • Rodgers Gilbert. Sgt.
  • Rom Johannes. Pt. (gest. 30. März 1917)
  • Rosser George Archibald. Kap.
  • Weg Henry Walter. Pt.
  • Rowell Thomas Richmond. 2. Leutnant
  • Ruddell George. Pt.
  • Ruddock Bertrand Frederick. (gest. 29. Juni 1918)
  • Rymer Robert. Sjt. (gest. 10. April 1918)
  • Sampson Charlie George Melrose. Pt. (gest. 11. Juli 1917)
  • Sanders Samuel. Pte (gest. 27. Juli 1917)
  • Sanderson Gervase Greenwell. Pt.
  • Sawyer Herbert Walter. L/Kpl. (gest. 26. November 1917)
  • Seymour Charles Thomas. Pt.
  • Seymour Thomas J. Cpl. (gest. August 1915)
  • Sheehan P.. Pte.
  • Hirte George Edward. Pt. (gest. 12. Okt 1916)
  • Hirte Thomas Bell. Pt.
  • Sherrott Edward. Pt. (gest. 27. März 1918)
  • Kurz Patrick Etherington. Pt.
  • Simmons Konstanter Samuel. Pt.
  • Simpson Frederick Charles Wilfred. Kpl. (gest. 22. August 1918)
  • Simpson James. Sgt. (gest. 17. Oktober 1916)
  • Simpson Reginald. Kpl.
  • Simpson Stanley William. Pt.
  • Sinclair George Ebenezer Bertram. Pt.
  • Schlaff Albert Edward. Sgt. (gest. 19. Juli 1916)
  • Schmied Frank. Sgt. (gest. 10. August 1918)
  • Smith Joseph William. Pt. (gest. 15. November 1916)
  • Sparling John. Pte
  • Speer Wilhelm. Kpl.
  • Springer Walter Burnett. Sgt.
  • Knappe James Arthur. (gest. 3. September 1918)
  • Stafford Benjamin Milburn. Pt. (gest. 20. April 1917)
  • Starkey Edwin. Pt. (gest. 1. Juli 1916)
  • Starkey Harry Stephen. L/Kpl. (gest. 21. Februar 1919)
  • Stenson Thomas. Pt.
  • Stevenson John Henry. Pt. (gest. 1. Juli 1916)
  • Stewart Donald. Pt. (gest. 7. Juni 1917)
  • Steine ​​Walter. Pt.
  • Sultan Joseph. Pt. (gest. 10. Juli 1916)
  • Swales George Frederick. L/Kpl. (gest.23.09.1917 )
  • Schwalwell Wilfred. L/Cpl (gest. 10. September 1918)
  • Schwert David Stevenson. Pt. (gest. 14. Juli 1917)
  • Symes George William. 2. Leutnant
  • Taylor Harold Richard. Lt. (gest. 17. März 1917)
  • TaylorJames. Pte (gest. 8. Okt 1918)
  • Thomas James Charles. Pt. (gest. 30. November 1917)
  • Thomson W.. Pte. (gest. 7. Juni 1917)
  • Timms J.W.. Cpl.
  • Toohey Michael. Pt.
  • Zahn David. Pt.
  • Harter Jakobus. Pt.
  • Townsend George Lowe. Tpr.
  • Samuel kürzen. Pt. (gest. 24. Dez. 1916)
  • Trivett Walter Thomas. Pt. (gest. 27. Okt. 1918)
  • Trull James. Pt.
  • Unwürdiger John William. Pt.
  • Vigus Henry Abraham. Pt. (gest. 20. September 1917)
  • Vincent Seymour Livingston. Kap.
  • Vint W.S.. 2/Lt.
  • Vollans Stanley Arthur James. L/Kpl.
  • Wale Edgar Henry. 2Lt.
  • Wanderer John. Pt. (gest. 10. Juni 1917)
  • Wanderer John. Pt. (gest. 20. Juni 1917)
  • Wand Hubert Henry. Pt. (gest. 22. Oktober 1917)
  • Wallace John. Kpl.
  • Ward Leonard Richard. Kpl. (gest. 24. März 1918)
  • Waring Samuel. CSM.
  • Watson George Meers. Pt. (gest. 28. März 1918)
  • Watson James.
  • Weber Harold. Pte
  • Weber Heinrich. Pt. (gest. 21. November 1917)
  • Weeden Albert. Pt.
  • Westall William Herbert. Sgt. (gest. 23. März 1918)
  • Weston William Henry. Pte (gest. 12. Okt 1917)
  • Whalley Ralph. (gest. 4. April 1918)
  • Wheadon Charles. Pt.
  • Whitley Thomas David. Pt. (gest. 17. Dez. 1918)
  • Warumbrow Robert Edward.
  • Docht Ernst. Pt. (gest. 1. November 1917)
  • Wilby Harry. Tpr.
  • Wilder James. Pt.
  • Wilkes C.. Pte.
  • Wilkin Thomas. Pt.
  • Williams George Shaw. L/Kpl. (gest. 28. September 1916)
  • Williams Nathan. Pt. (gest. 21. März 1918)
  • Willis Charles Richard. Pte
  • Willison Harry Cooper. Pt.
  • Willson John Bertram.
  • Wilson Charles Robert. (gest. 24. Mai 1917)
  • Wilson James. Pt. (gest. 4. September 1916)
  • Winney Ernst. Pt.
  • Winter Georg. Pt. (gest. 4. Nov. 1918)
  • Wolff Gustav Friedrich. A/Maj. (gest. 21. März 1918)
  • Holz E.. Pte. (gest. 21. März 1918)
  • Holz Ernst. Pt. (gest. 21. März 1918)
  • Holz Richard Thomas. 2. Leutnant (gest. 25. April 1918)
  • Wooldridge Frederick George. Pt. (gest. 25. November 1917)
  • Wright Harold. Pt. (gest. 17. November 1917)
  • Yallop Ronald Robert. Pt. (gest. 12. April 1917)
  • Jahrholz William Armel. Leutnant
  • Yewdall David. Sgt.
  • Junger Robert. Pt.
  • Junge W. B..

Alle Namen auf dieser Liste wurden von Verwandten, Freunden, Nachbarn und anderen eingereicht, die sich an sie erinnern möchten. Wenn Sie Namen hinzufügen oder Erinnerungen oder Fotos von den aufgeführten Personen hinzufügen möchten, fügen Sie bitte einen Namen zu dieser Liste hinzu

Suchen Sie Hilfe bei der Familienforschung?

Bitte sehen Häufig gestellte Fragen zur Familiengeschichte

Bitte beachten Sie: Individuelle Recherchen können wir nicht kostenlos anbieten.


Vor 30 Jahren: IRS versucht, Willie Nelsons Erinnerungen zu verkaufen, & scheitert

Diese Woche vor 30 Jahren war die größte Geschichte in der Country-Musik und die größte Geschichte in Texas und vielen anderen Teilen darüber hinaus der kopflose Versuch des IRS, das Imperium von Willie Nelson aufgrund unbezahlter Steuern zu liquidieren. Sie versuchten, seine Erinnerungen zu verkaufen. Es lief nicht genau so, wie die IRS geplant hatte.

Am 9. November 1990 hatte der IRS aggressive Schritte gegen alle Vermögenswerte von Willie Nelson unternommen, sein Eigentum beschlagnahmt, sein Haus und sein Studio in der Gegend von Austin überfallen, Instrumente, Musikausrüstung, Möbel, Erinnerungsstücke, Goldene Schallplattenplaketten und alles, was nicht festgenagelt war und das sie für Geld versteigern konnten. Wäre es nicht für seine Tochter Lana gewesen, die Willies berühmte Gitarre Trigger in letzter Minute aus den Händen der Federalies befreit hätte, wäre sie ebenfalls beschlagnahmt worden. „Solange ich meine Gitarre habe“ Willie Nelson sagte damals: "Ich werde in Ordnung sein[Es ist] nur Dinge, nichts, was nicht ersetzt werden kann.“

Wie Willie Nelson der Bundesregierung rund 16,7 Millionen Dollar schuldete, ist eine ziemlich verworrene Geschichte, und es ist immer noch fraglich, wie viel Willie Nelson schuld war. Die IRS begann 1984, Willie Nelsons Steuern in Frage zu stellen, als sie einen großen Abzug für eine Steuerschutzinvestition sahen. Dies war jedoch kein Flug-durch-Nacht-Schema, das von einem Geschäftsleiter erfunden wurde, um Steuern zu hinterziehen. Es war ein Finanzprodukt, das von der Wirtschaftsprüfungsgesellschaft Price Waterhouse öffentlich angeboten wurde, in das Willie sein Geld investiert hatte, weil er glaubte, es sei eine sichere Investition.

Aber der IRS sah das anders und forderte Willie Nelson auf, die 6 Millionen Dollar zu zahlen, die er aus dem Abzug von 1984 schuldete. Sie verlangten auch, dass er weitere 10 Millionen Dollar an Strafen und Zinsen zahlte, die er nach weiteren Untersuchungen und Prüfungen seiner Finanzunterlagen bis ins Jahr 1972 zurückreichte. Willie und seine Vertreter saßen die ganze Zeit nicht auf ihren Händen. Sie versuchten, mit dem IRS zusammenzuarbeiten, und der Fall wurde beim Finanzgericht angefochten. Willie plädierte dafür, dass das Problem die Anleitung von Price Waterhouse sei, verlor aber letztendlich den Fall.

Im August 1990 verklagte Willie Price Waterhouse vor der Beschlagnahme des Eigentums auf 45 Millionen US-Dollar für die “Wiedergutmachung des Verlustes durch die Regierung, die ihn für die Fehlberatung von Price Waterhouse bestrafte.” Price Waterhouse sagte, Willie sei seine eigene Entscheidung gewesen, sich in den Steuerschutz einzukaufen, und sie könnten nicht zur Rechenschaft gezogen werden. Diese Klage wurde später beigelegt, aber die Details wurden nie veröffentlicht.

Warum hat Willie nicht einfach die IRS bezahlt und sie von seinem Rücken befreit? Es war nicht so einfach. Sicher, Willie Nelson hatte in den frühen 90er Jahren noch eine enorme Ertragskraft, aber sein kommerzieller Höhepunkt war gekommen und vorbei. Und während Willies Blütezeit ging das Geld genauso schnell raus wie es hereinkam, sodass wenig für Ersparnisse übrig blieb. Außerdem arbeitete Willie während des gesamten IRS-Streits mit der Idee, dass er letztendlich zu seinen Gunsten gelöst werden würde, da seiner Meinung nach Price Waterhouse schuld war. Dies geschah jedoch nie, und im Laufe der Zeit häuften sich Strafen und Zinsen.

Selbst nachdem Willie Nelson und sein Anwalt Jay Goldberg die eventuelle Steuerrechnung auf 6 Millionen Dollar gesenkt hatten, konnte Willie sie immer noch nicht abbezahlen. “Er hatte keine Million US-Dollar – er hatte wahrscheinlich keine 30.000 US-Dollar.“ Tochter Lana Nelson erzählte Texas monatlich damals. Auch die Beschlagnahme von Musikequipment und Vermögenswerten erschwerte es Willie, seine Schulden zurückzuzahlen.

Nach den Razzien im November 1990 war in der letzten Januarwoche 1991 fast alles im Besitz von Willie Nelson im Auktionsblock, wobei der IRS den Höchstbietenden suchte. Die Bundesregierung hat am 26. Januar Willies 44 Hektar großes Grundstück im Gebiet von Austin zum ersten Mal auf den Block gestellt. Er kaufte das Grundstück von dem Arzt, der ihn als Baby zur Welt gebracht hatte. Aber leider kamen für den IRS keine Bieter auf. Nicht einer. So boten sie an den folgenden Tagen das 44 Hektar große Grundstück mit zweistöckigem Haus und Pferdeställen zu einem unglaublich niedrigen Startgebot der Öffentlichkeit an. Es ist immer noch niemand gekommen, um es zu kaufen, und es wurden keine Gebote abgegeben.

Die Geschichte war die gleiche für zahlreiche andere Immobilien, die Willie Nelson in Texas besaß und die der IRS zu versteigern versuchte. Ein Verkauf von Gegenständen aus Willies Country Club und seinem Pedernales-Aufnahmestudio am 23. Januar brachte dem IRS etwa 68.000 US-Dollar ein, aber einige der wichtigsten Erinnerungsstücke aus Willies Nachlass — darunter Poster, Goldene Schallplatte und Instrumente. 8212 blieb unberührt. Der IRS begann herauszufinden, wie sehr Texas Willie Nelson liebte.

Dann endlich am 29. Januar 1991 – dem dritten Tag, an dem der IRS Willie Nelsons Ranch in Austin zum Verkauf aufführte – ging es für das Mindestgebot von 203.840 USD, was deutlich unter dem Marktwert lag und weit hinter dem zurückblieb, was der IRS erhofft hatte . Wer war der Käufer? Es war ein Willie Nelson-Fan, der es auf Geheiß einer Gruppe von Bauern kaufte, denen Willie im Laufe der Jahre durch seine Farm Aid-Initiative geholfen hatte. Sie würden es in Kürze an die Country-Legende zurückverkaufen.

Als die IRS die Schrift an der Wand sah und vielleicht eine Sinnesänderung hatte, beschloss der IRS auch, die verbleibenden Willie Nelson-Artikel wie seine goldenen Schallplatten und Instrumente für 7.000 US-Dollar an das “Willie Nelson and Friends Showcase” zu verkaufen. Kurz gesagt, der Plan des IRS, Willie Nelsons Vermögen zu liquidieren, um seine Steuerrechnung zu begleichen, war ein kolossaler Fehlschlag. Käufer in Texas weigerten sich, mitzuspielen.

″Alle haben mich verteidigt und das war überwältigend″ Willie sagte damals.

Aber das war nicht überall so. Ein 44 Hektar großes Anwesen in Evergreen, Colorado, das Willie gehörte, wurde für stattliche 650.000 US-Dollar an einen Bauunternehmer namens Everett Randleman verkauft, dessen Familie das Grundstück zuvor besessen hatte und der etwa 100 andere potenzielle Käufer überbot, die zur IRS-Auktion erschienen.

Aber Willie Nelsons Haus in Texas und einige seiner wertvollsten Besitztümer wurden gerettet. Nichtsdestotrotz gab es immer noch die verbleibenden Schulden beim IRS, die ungelöst blieben. Also krempelte Willie Nelson die Ärmel hoch und arbeitete in den nächsten Jahren doppelt, um zu versuchen, den IRS zurückzuzahlen. Willie zahlte dem IRS zwischen 1990 und Anfang 1993 etwa 6 Millionen Dollar, um die Schulden zu begleichen.

Trotzdem blieb eine hervorragende Balance, also planten Willie Nelson und der IRS, das Willie Nelson-Album zu veröffentlichen Die IRS-Bänder: Wer kauft meine Erinnerungen? Im Grunde ein Compilation-Album mit einigen zuvor veröffentlichten Songs und einigen neuen, die von Willie geschrieben wurden (außer einem von Hank Cochran mitgeschriebenen), wurde es 1991 zuerst per Telefon und Mailorder veröffentlicht.

Die IRS-Bänder war das erste seiner Art. Noch nie zuvor hatte ein Künstler eine Umsatzbeteiligungsvereinbarung mit dem IRS abgeschlossen. Eine große Marketingkampagne und die Telefonnummer 1-(800) IRS-TAPE standen hinter dem Album, das nur telefonisch für 19,95 US-Dollar verkauft wurde.

Von dem Preis gingen 9,95 US-Dollar an die Telemarketing-Firma, die das Album bewarb, 1,60 US-Dollar für Ausgaben im Zusammenhang mit dem Album, 2,49 US-Dollar an Sony Records und Nelson erhielt 6 / 812 US-Dollar, um seine bestehenden IRS-Schulden zu begleichen, 1 US-Dollar für seine Klage gegen Price Waterhouse und 2 Dollar für die Steuer, die aus dem Verkauf des Albums entstehen würde. Da der Löwenanteil von den Telemarketern übernommen wurde, brachte das Album nicht so viel wie erwartet. Aber als es im Dezember 1992 ohne die Kürzung des Telemarketings in die Läden kam, schnitt es viel besser ab.

Die IRS-Bänder: Wer kauft meine Erinnerungen? generierte schließlich 3,6 Millionen US-Dollar für den IRS, und in den nächsten Jahren zahlte Willie insgesamt 9 Millionen US-Dollar, um endlich seine Steuerlast des IRS zu decken.

Willie Nelsons Battle Royale mit dem IRS ist seitdem legendär. Der IRS versuchte, Willie Nelsons Erinnerungen zu verkaufen, aber Texas kaufte nicht.


Alle deine Facebook-Erinnerungen sind jetzt an einem Ort

Heute starten wir Memories, einen einzigen Ort auf Facebook, an dem Sie über die Momente nachdenken können, die Sie mit Familie und Freunden geteilt haben, einschließlich Posts und Fotos, Freunde, die Sie kennengelernt haben, und wichtige Lebensereignisse.

Jeden Tag nutzen mehr als 90 Millionen Menschen On This Day, um sich an diese Momente zu erinnern, die sie auf Facebook geteilt haben, und Untersuchungen haben ergeben, dass sich diese Art der Reflexion positiv auf die Stimmung und das allgemeine Wohlbefinden der Menschen auswirken kann. Aus diesem Grund aktualisieren wir das Erlebnis, um sicherzustellen, dass alle Ihre Erinnerungen leicht zu finden sind.

Ihre Seite "Erinnerungen" kann mehrere Abschnitte enthalten:

  • An diesem Tag: Die Inhalte, die Sie kennen und lieben, sind weiterhin in diesem Abschnitt verfügbar und zeigen Ihre vergangenen Beiträge und wichtigen Lebensereignisse ab diesem Datum an.
  • Freunde, die an diesem Tag gefunden wurden: Dieser Abschnitt enthält eine Liste von Freunden, die Sie an diesem Datum in der Vergangenheit kennengelernt haben, einschließlich spezieller Videos oder Collagen, die Ihre Freundeskreise feiern.
  • Zusammenfassungen von Erinnerungen: Dieser Abschnitt enthält saisonale oder monatliche Zusammenfassungen von Erinnerungen, die in einer Nachricht oder einem kurzen Video gebündelt wurden.
  • Erinnerungen, die Sie vielleicht verpasst haben: Wenn Sie Ihre Erinnerungen in letzter Zeit nicht überprüft haben, zeigt Ihnen dieser Abschnitt die Posts, die Sie in der letzten Woche möglicherweise verpasst haben.

Wir wissen, dass Erinnerungen zutiefst persönlich sind – und sie sind nicht alle positiv. Wir versuchen, auf Feedback zu hören und diese Funktionen so zu gestalten, dass sie durchdacht sind und den Menschen die richtigen Steuerelemente bieten, auf die sie leicht zugreifen können. Wir arbeiten hart daran, sicherzustellen, dass wir die Inhalte als Teil der persönlichen Erfahrung jedes Einzelnen behandeln, und sind dankbar für den Input, den die Leute in den letzten drei Jahren mit uns geteilt haben.


Einen Beitrag finden

Wenn Sie nach einem bestimmten Beitrag oder einer bestimmten Erinnerung suchen, können Sie nach Datum und Monat suchen. So suchen Sie nach einem Datum oder einer Uhrzeit:

Schritt 1

Visit your Profile page and click ‘Filters’ which should be located below the “What’s on Your Mind?” box.

Step 2

Use the filter options to narrow your search criteria.

Step 3

Use the Grid View option to see more posts. When you find the one you’re interested in click on it, share, delete, or make edits as necessary.

Can I delete my memories?

Yes, but unfortunately only one at a time. When an old post pops up that you wish you would’ve deleted simply click on the three horizontal dots in the upper right-hand corner and click to delete the post.

Why am I only seeing some memories?

Next to preferences check your Notifications options. A drop-down menu will appear, click ‘All Memories’ if ‘Highlights’ or ‘None’ are checked.


About Shaheed Diwas History

Shaheed Diwas date falls on March 23 every year. On March 23, 1931, the three freedom fighters Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev were hanged to death in Lahore (Pakistan) jail. They were arrested for their involvement in the Lahore conspiracy during the British rule in India, later they received the death penalty for the same. After Lala Lajpat Rai's death in November 1928, Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, Sukhdev and others vowed to avenge his death as Rai was a respected leader in India's freedom movement.

They plotted to kill James A Scott, who was the Superintendent of Police in the British Raj, as he had ordered the lathi charge where Lala Lajpat Rai eventually got injured and passed away due to the injuries. However, the trio killed John P Saunders, an Assistant Superintendent of Police, instead of James A Scott, due to mistaken identity. They were later charged for the murder of Saunders, and sentenced to death. India commemorates the sacrifice of these brave Indian men for the freedom of India.


Tasty memories: 97 long-gone Portland restaurants we wish were still around

Restaurants are special places. We celebrate milestones like birthdays and anniversaries there. We go out to eat when we need a taste of comfort after a hard day. And the best eateries leave us with wonderful memories of great meals and laughter that can last a lifetime.

Oregonian file photos

But restaurants tend to have short lifespans, with many of them lasting only a handful of years. Even restaurants with unbelievable staying power eventually run out of gas. This year, several longtime Portland favorites closed their doors. The 21-year-old Indian restaurant Bombay Cricket Club poured its last mango margarita in August. In September, downtown's Veritable Quandary closed after 45 years. In November, Old Town's Alexis Restaurant dished up its last souvlaki after 36 years in the dining game.

Rose Howerter, The Oregonian

And early next year, the German restaurant Der Rheinlander will end its 53-year run of schnitzels, bratwurst and singing waiters. And so it goes …

But these long-gone restaurants live on in our memories. Earlier this year, we asked readers which closed restaurant they missed the most, and the response was incredible. From the elegant Italian spot Alba Osteria & Enoteca to the legendary Zefiro, which redrew Portland's dining map, here are 97 historic dining spots we wish were still around. Some were quirky reflections of who we are. Others elevated our tastes and expectations.

Brian Feulner, The Oregonian

Alba Osteria & Enoteca

Southwest Portland's Hillsdale neighborhood has never had the concentration of ambitious restaurants that you find in other parts of town, but this wine-focused Italian kitchen ranked among the city's best during its seven-year run. Chef-owner Kurt Spak specialized in Piedmontese cuisine, including house-made pasta, like agnolotti stuffed with veal, pork and rabbit. The wine list offered Italian vintages not found elsewhere, and the vibe was spiffy without being stuffy, making it popular with regulars. It closed on New Year's Eve in 2010, making way for Sasquatch Brewing Company.

Alberta Street Oyster Bar & Grill

The late restaurateur Peter Hochman created this Alberta Arts District temple to surf & turf in 2005, where then up-and-coming chef Eric Bechard celebrated not just oysters, but rustic fare like fried veal sweetbreads with glazed shallots, chestnuts and a raisin sauce. But heavy debt sunk the restaurant's fortunes. After a change in ownership forced it to briefly close and reopen, it never fully recovered, closing for good in 2009. Bechard went on to open McMinnville's acclaimed Thistle (and achieved notoriety over a fist fight over the provenance of a pig), and the space is now the Irish pub T.C. O'Leary's.

Torsten Kjellstrand, The Oregonian

For 36 years, dining at Old Town’s Alexis Restaurant felt like a party in a boisterous Athens tavern. The Greek fare included comforting fare like braised lamb shanks, fried calamari, and saganaki, an ouzo-drenched cheese that was served in flaming glory. The business gradually expanded to include a line of products sold at grocery stores. But it became challenging to attract diners in recent years, as lower West Burnside became the epicenter of Portland’s homeless problem. In November, owner Gerry Tsirimiagos shuttered the restaurant, which he had opened just a few years after immigrating from Greece.

Rob Finch, The Oregonian

In 1995, New York attorney Darryl Joannides and his wife, Sarah, opened this Sellwood Italian restaurant, which got terrific reviews and drew big crowds. Under chef Teodoro KuMay, the kitchen produced an array of meat and seafood dishes. But the real stars were the 18 types of pasta, including lemony spaghetti with seared scallops and homemade ravioli. If you couldn’t decide on one, you could order a sampling of noodles, chosen by the chef and served with great ritual to the entire table. After a decade, the Joannideses sold the business to new owners, who opened a short-lived second location in Beaverton. Two years later, the original closed, too.

Stephanie Yao Long, The Oregonian

In the 1980s and ➐s, this romantic restaurant on the 30th floor of the U.S. Bancorp building was one of the city's top dining destinations. The big draw, of course, was the stunning view of downtown Portland, the city's east side and (on clear days) Mount Hood. At its peak in the mid-➐s, under then-wunderkind chef Mark Gould, the kitchen served towering constructions of food – this was the era of architectural cuisine – with hints of Asia running throughout. Meals became less reliable after several chef changes, but the bar remained a vital part of the city's jazz scene, with live music most nights, including a standing gig by the late Leroy Vinnegar, the grandfather of the walking bass. In 2001, the restaurant lost its lease and closed, making way for Portland City Grill, which has those same great views, but little of the magic.

Joel Davis, The Oregonian

B. Moloch/Heathman Bakery & Pub

For 10 years, this downtown delicatessen, bakery and pizza spot was a popular pre-theater spot with the symphony crowd, drawn by affordable sandwiches and salads in a cheery two-level space featuring large paintings by 19th-century French caricaturist Colomb – who signed his name backwards as B. Moloch. In its early years, the rustic Northwest menu was overseen by chef Greg Higgins, who was chef at the sister Heathman Restaurant, and later would go on to win a James Beard award at his own namesake restaurant. In 1998, B. Moloch served its last designer pizza, and the space was transformed into the seafood restaurant SouthPark.

Angela Pancrazio, The Oregonian

There was no way diners could keep from smiling while having breakfast at this funky North Portland café, which dished up creative breakfasts and hefty sandwiches beginning in 1994 on a then-gritty stretch of North Killingsworth Avenue. Owners Bill Lockner and Virlis Kikel filled the dining room with old car memorabilia – vintage hubcaps, hood ornaments and fenders were everywhere. The menu’s stars were omelets, like Green Eggs and Ham, a pesto-egg scramble filled with Black Forest ham. After 20 years, it closed in 2014, and the space now is a marijuana dispensary.


The Life of William Wallace

To understand the story of Sir William Wallace, we must take a look at the political climate of Scotland in 1286. King Alexander III of Scotland had three children at the time, two sons and one daughter, but by 1286, all three were dead.

His only daughter, Margaret, had given birth to just one other daughter, also named Margaret, and then died shortly thereafter. This daughter, although being just three-years-old, was recognized as Queen of Scots, but she died in 1290 while traveling from her father’s home in Norway back to Scotland, leaving the Scots without a monarch.

Naturally, many different members of the nobility stepped forward to proclaim their right to the throne, and tensions rose as each man jockeyed for control Scotland was on the brink of Civil War.

To stop this, the King of England at the time, Edward the I, stepped in after being requested to arbitrate by the Scottish nobility. He was to choose who would take over the throne, but Edward had a condition: he wanted to be recognized the Lord Paramount of Scotland, to which they agreed.

The most credible claims were John Balliol and Robert Bruce, grandfather of future king. A court decided who would be the rightful heir to the throne and by 1292 John Balliol was selected to be the next King of Scotland.

Yet Edward had very little interest in allowing the Scots to live free. He levied taxes upon them, which they accepted well enough, but he also demanded that the Scots give military service in the war effort against France.

The response to Edward’s demand was a renouncement of paying homage to the King of England by the Scots and an attempt to secure an alliance with France to wage war against the English.

Upon learning about such a decision, King Edward I of England moved his forces into Scotland and sacked the city of Berwick, seizing control of it and demanding that King John Balliol surrender the rest of his territories. The Scots fought back at the Battle of Dunbar and were utterly crushed.

John Balliol abdicated the throne, earning him the nickname of “empty coat.” It was this point that the English occupation of Scotland became a reality and the nation was more or less conquered by King Edward.

This created tension within Scotland but with their king’s leadership failing to inspire a great fight against the British and the occupation of their lands, there was not much that they could do without a leader. It would seem that as long as the English stood strong, they would ultimately be subjugated by King Edward.


'Incredibly difficult year'

The prime minister said he would observe the minute's silence at noon privately.

Other senior politicians have given their support to the event, with Labour leader Sir Keir Starmer, Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon and Welsh First Minister Mark Drakeford all saying they would take part.

Mr Johnson said: "This has been an incredibly difficult year for our country. My thoughts are with all those who have lost loved ones, and who have not been able to pay tribute to them in the way they would have wanted.

"As we continue to make progress against the virus, I want to thank people for the sacrifices they continue to make, and hope they can look forward to being reunited with loved ones as restrictions are cautiously eased."

Alongside the minute's silence and doorstep vigil, the day will also see community-led activities take place, such as virtual assemblies, choirs, services and yellow ribbons being wrapped around trees.

A series of free online talks organised by the Good Grief Festival will also take place, featuring experts, bereaved families and celebrities.

It is hoped people will help create a nationwide "beacon of remembrance" on their doorsteps by beaming phones, candles and torches into the night sky at 20:00.

Marie Curie chief executive Matthew Reed said it was "important that we all come together to reflect on our collective loss, celebrate the lives of the special people no longer here, support those who've been bereaved and look towards a much brighter future".


Conducting Oral Histories with Family Members

Preparing For The Interview

  • The more you know about your subject, the better the interview will be. If possible, do some research ahead of time. Study genealogy charts for dates and names if you have old diaries or letters, read them if you have family photos or movies, look at them. And don't forget more general historical sources. If you want to talk about your father's experiences as a soldier in World War II, you'll ask more informed questions if you've read a good historical study of the war. If you want to understand your aunt's involvement in the civil rights movement, find out more about the bigger picture. That way you'll know what questions to ask and can raise topics that your interviewee might otherwise not think of or be hesitant to discuss.
  • Draw up an outline for the interview ahead of time. You may not follow it exactly, but it will provide a general blueprint. In general, a chronological organization is usually the best structure for an oral history interview. It allows you to see how the interviewee's experience and ideas developed over time, gives depth and richness to the topics being discussed, and offers a convenient organizing structure so that the two of you don't simply drift in a welter of random reminiscences. Once you've finished your outline, list as many topics under each heading as you can think of. Of course you won't use every one of the questions you come up with in the interview, but it's a helpful way of starting to think about the kinds of things you want to discuss. (See sample outline and questions.)
  • It will be helpful if you can give the interviewee an outline ahead of time so that they can see the topics you'd like to discuss (and also add new ones of their own). Don't give them a complete list of questions, however. Then you run the risk that they'll simply run down the list of questions one by one rather than engaging in the kind of spontaneous discussion that makes for a good interview. Also explain what you plan to do with the interview and who will have access to it. Are you going to give complete copies of the recordings to everyone in the family so that they can all listen to everything that was said? Are you merely going to pull information and quotes out of the interviews for a family history you're writing and that you will then run past the interviewees for review? And what will you do with material that is potentially painful or humiliating to the interviewee or hurtful to others in the family? You'll probably want some kind of policy that says you'll erase material that people decide they don't want on the record or will not make it available to anyone else in the family for a specified number of years. This too should be conveyed to the interviewee before the interview begins and hopefully will make for a more candid interview. Finally, if you are planning on publishing portions of the interviews, putting them on a website, or using them in any way that goes beyond the family itself, you need to have a signed agreement. Remember that legally and ethically this is the interviewee's story, and you need permission for any use you make of it.
  • Insist that each interview be between you and the one person being interviewed. If you have a third person in the room, what you will get is the two people's agreed-upon version of reality in which individual experiences do not emerge as clearly and viewpoints that do not fit into the shared reality do not get aired.

Interviewing Techniques

  • An oral history interview is not about the interviewer. The focus should be on the interviewee and they should do most of the talking, with occasional questions from you to guide them in directions you think are the most productive.
  • As indicated above, in general, a life history interview should proceed chronologically. Since memory does not follow a strict chronology, however, inevitably the interviewee will jump around a good deal in time. That jumping around is important and shows how they connect different areas of their experience, and you do not want to discourage it entirely. On the other hand, if they jump around too much, the chronological thread of the interview will be lost entirely. Sometimes you will decide that it is productive to have them leap to another time to illuminate the point they are making. However, once they've finished making their point, you'll generally want to indicate that, although you do want to hear what they have to say, right now you want to bring them back to the time period you were discussing.
  • Once the interviewee begins talking, don't interrupt them. Interruptions disrupt the flow of their narrative, break their concentration, and mean you may never get to hear the rest of what they had to say. Wait until they complete their train of thought to ask a follow-up question or introduce a new topic. With exceptionally long-winded or rambling interviewees, you may need to learn to jump in very quickly and firmly when a story is completed and may also need to set expectations at the beginning of each interview session about how much of the material on your outline you need to cover that day.
  • Don't just follow questions on a list. Instead, ask a question and then listen and build on what they say with follow-up questions.
  • Open up a new topic with a large question that allows the interviewee to describe their experience at length. Questions that begin "Tell me about . . ." or "Can you describe . . ." are good ways of stimulating the interviewee's memory and allowing them to generate their own story rather than simply responding to the predetermined forms that you lay out. In general, think of the various topics of your interview as structured like an inverted pyramid: broad, general questions first, followed by follow-up questions that ask for more detail.
  • Remember that what you are after are narratives-stories, that is, that convey the interviewee's experience- not just facts or opinions. Though you may be looking for some of the facts of your family history (the whos, wheres, and whens), you'll also want to ask questions that will lead people to talk about their lives more reflectively and in greater detail (the whys, hows, and whats).
  • Try to get the specifics of an interviewee's lived experience before you ask them to evaluate that experience or offer more general opinions on the subject. For example, instead of simply asking people for their opinions on how children should be raised, you'll get a richer sense of their actual thoughts and practices if you talk about what they actually did with their own children and only once you've heard the specifics, asking them to give their larger philosophy or reflect on what they would do differently in retrospect.
  • Yes or no questions are useful when you need to clarify a specific detail but should otherwise be avoided because they do not generate the rich, full answers that open-ended questions do. Similarly, avoid questions that are leading ("Don't you think that . . .") or either/or questions that allow for only a couple of options. Such questions foreclose opportunities to hear the interviewee's own take on an issue, which may be very different than the options you had plotted out.
  • Be open to hearing disturbing experiences and negative or ambivalent feelings. When we do family history, we often end up succumbing to a kind of family boosterism where family members feel they need to promote the idea of the always happy and conflict-free family. But families are complex entities and people's feelings do not fit neatly into pre-determined categories. Ideally, an oral history should offer the interviewee the opportunity to reflect on their life and relationships thoughtfully and honestly without having to follow a party line. And it is your attentiveness and willingness to take the interviewee's feelings and experiences seriously that enables that thoughtful reflection. (Which doesn't, of course, mean that you will necessarily make everything one family member says available to all the others or include everything in your written family history.)
  • The converse of the above problem is that there may be sensitive issues that you would like to discuss but are concerned that the interviewee won't be willing to discuss. In such cases there are several strategies you may follow. First of all, try to create a comfortable interview atmosphere in general. Don't start the first interview session with highly personal or sensitive questions. As the interviewee becomes more relaxed with the interview situation and with you as an interviewer, they may open up more and be willing to discuss issues they would not have been willing to discuss at the beginning of the interview. Second, if possible, instead of suddenly springing the big taboo topic late in the interview, try to build up to it by discussing matters that are less threatening but related to it early on. For example, if you know the interviewee completely broke off relations with his father later on in life but you don't know why, you may try to spend a good deal of time early in the interview exploring their family relationships, including their relationship with their father, when they were growing up. This approach has two advantages: one, even if the interviewee never discusses the actual reason for the estrangement, you will still get a sense of the relationship and some of the issues involved two, it gives you something to refer back when you want to open up the issue later ("You had said that when you were a boy, your father never wanted to let you run your own life. Did he continue to have that attitude once you moved out?") and it leads the interviewee into the topic gently so that maybe they are more comfortable talking about it later on. Finally, if you have a relationship with the interviewee where you can honestly discuss the question before the interview, ask them how they feel about discussing the sensitive topic, and if you think it should be discussed, tell them why. If, however, they do not want to discuss the issue, always respect their wishes.
  • Simply because you are respecting the interviewee's right to tell their story the way the want it told doesn't mean you shouldn't challenge them when necessary. If you know there is more to a story than they are telling or if they seem to be glossing over negative aspects or alternative views, find ways to suggest contradictions or raise alternatives that don't attack them directly. If the interviewee gives a very one-sided view of a conflict, ask them if they can provide any explanations for why the other party behaved the way they did or what their viewpoint was. If they leave out crucial information, indicate that you've heard other versions of the story and ask if they know any way to reconcile the two (though don't implicate other family members unless the interviewee already know that those family members disagree with them). In general, if the interviewee expresses very decided opinions on an issue, raise possible objections in a very neutral way without implying that the objections are your opinion ("I've heard it said that . . ." or "I understand what you're saying, but what would you say to the objection that . . .").
  • An hour and a half to two hours is usually about the right length of time for an interview session. After that point, both the interviewer and the interviewee generally begin to tire. Note too that you cannot do a full life history interview in one session. In general you should plan to do at least three or four sessions with each interviewee.

Equipment/Recording

  • If you are going to be doing a number of interviews and you intend them to be handed down to children and grandchildren, invest in reasonable quality equipment that will record a cleaner sound and image than your computer or smart phone. A guide to buying an audio recorder can be found on the site "Oral History in the Digital Age" at http://ohda.matrix.msu.edu/askdoug/ If you are doing video, a little on-line research can help you identify well-reviewed recorders in your price range. "Oral History in the Digital Age" also provides some basic tips on recording video interviews at http://ohda.matrix.msu.edu/2012/08/quick-tips-for-better-interview-video/
  • Test your equipment out beforehand to make sure that the sound and/or image are adequate for your purposes. Practice recording with the equipment until you are completely comfortable with it and understand how to troubleshoot it if anything goes wrong.
  • Conduct the interview in as quiet a place as possible. Sounds that you may not even notice during the interview will inevitably be magnified on the recording, sometimes to the point of making the interview almost inaudible. So don't record in a public place and try to avoid settings with background noises such as construction, humming machines, etc.
  • Before you begin each interview session, do a brief test recording with the interviewee on site and play it back to make sure the equipment is functioning properly and that there is no distracting background noise.
  • Develop a filing system in which you label your recordings with the interviewee's name and the date so that nothing gets misplaced. And, above all, back your recordings up in several different places-you don't want those memories to vanish with a computer crash or a lost flash drive.

Sample Family History Outline

I. Early Childhood and Family Background

  • Ask when and where they were born and then start off with a general question: "Tell me about your parents" or "Tell me about your family background"
  • Where was family originally from? What do they know about that place? Have they ever visited it?
  • What stories did they hear growing up about earlier ancestors whom they never knew?
  • What parents did for a living? As a child, did they contribute to the family income or help parents in their work in any way?
  • What was parents' religious background? How was religion observed in their home?
  • What were parents' political beliefs? What political or other organizations were they involved in?
  • What other relatives did they have contact with growing up?
  • What do they remember about their grandparents?
  • Describe their siblings and their interactions with when they were young. What did they do together? What conflicts did they have? Who were they closest to?
  • Describe the house they grew up in. Describe their room.
  • What were family's economic circumstances? Do they remember any times when money was tight? Do they remember having to do without things they wanted or needed?
  • What were their duties around the house as a child? What were the other children's duties? How did duties break down by gender?
  • What skills did they learn (e.g., cooking, carpentry, crafts) and who taught them? What activities did the family do together?
  • Any special food they remember from their childhood? Do they currently make any traditional family foods?
  • What did they do on Christmas? Thanksgiving? Birthdays? Other holidays?

B. Community Grew Up In

  • Describe the community they grew up in and especially their own neighborhood.
  • Races and ethnicities in neighborhood, what people did for a living, class differences.
  • Where did they shop? What was the largest town or city they remember visiting when they were young and what were their impression of it.
  • Description of school they attended. What was school like for them? What did they like about it? What was hard about it?
  • Friends. Favorite teachers.
  • Favorite subjects.
  • Special activities.
  • Discipline.
  • Any teasing or bullying.

D. Friends and Interests

  • What did they do in their spare time?
  • Who were their friends and what did they do when they got together?
  • Hobbies? Favorite stories? Favorite games or make-believe?
  • What did they want to be when they grew up?

II. Teenage Years

  • How did relationship with parents change when they became a teenager?
  • Additional responsibilities, chores?
  • If they had conflict with parents, what was it over?
  • Favorite subjects? Particular interests?
  • Least favorite subjects?
  • Memorable teachers? Describe their teaching style. How did they influence them?
  • Different groups in school? Which did they belong to? How do they think they were perceived by others?
  • Extracurricular activities.
  • What were their plans when they finished school? Education? Work?
  • What did their parents think of their plans? What did their friends plan to do?
  • Did the boys and girls in the family have different plans/expectations?

D. Social Life and Outside Interests

  • Who were their friends and what backgrounds did they come from? What did they do together?
  • Age began dating? Kind of activities? Describe first date.
  • Parents' advice/rules related to dating/contact with opposite sex? Advice from church or school? Peer group's norms with regard to dating and relationships with opposite sex?
  • Hobbies/interests? Books read? Music listened to? Sports played? Crafts participated in?

III. Adulthood

B. Marriage or Formation of Significant Relationships

  • How met. What drew them together
  • Describe decision to marry/move in together
  • What was most difficult being in a relationship originally? What was most satisfying?
  • Changes in relationship
  • Break-ups, divorces, deaths.
  • Who worked in the household and how did they support the family?
  • Specifics of their employment: positions they held, duties, part-time employment or self-employment
  • Difficulties and stresses on the job/Rewards
  • Balancing work and family
  • Describe the birth of children.
  • What they were each like when they were young. How they have changed or not changed.
  • Relationships with when young and now
  • What activities did the family do together?
  • Family traditions.
  • What was most satisfying to them about raising children? What was most difficult?
  • What values did they try to raise their children with? How did they go about doing that?
  • What forms of discipline did they use and why?

E. Church, political and other involvement: specifics of, reasons for and passions behind

F. Ongoing interests and hobbies

NS. Overview and Evaluation

  • What has provided them the greatest satisfaction in their life?
  • How would they say the world has changed since they were young?

In addition, don't forget to ask people about historically significant events they lived through:

  • How was their family affected by the Depression?
  • Did they or anyone close to them serve in World War II and what do they remember of that experience?
  • Did they support or were they opposed to the war in Vietnam or the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq and how did they express their political opinions?
  • Did they participate in or do they have any memories of any of the movements that came out of the fifties, sixties, and seventies-the civil rights movement, the women's liberation movement, the gay liberation movement, and so forth?
  • If the interviewee belongs to a group that has traditionally been discriminated against, ask them what they were told, both positive and negative, about their group inside their family and outside of it. Ask them about discrimination they experienced and also who their role models were.
  • If the interviewee is an immigrant or their parents or grandparents were immigrants, ask them to describe what they know of the country they came from, why they immigrated, how they immigrated, and the specifics and difficulties of beginning a life in a new country.
  • Do they remember their first contact with such significant inventions as radio, television, personal computers, etc.? When did their family first buy them and how did the family use them?

Family History Resources

Sharon DeBartolo Carmack, "Interviewing Mom and Grandma: Oral History Tips." Available at genealogy.com (http://www.genealogy.com/95_carmack.html).

William Fletcher, Recording Your Family History: A Guide to Preserving Oral History with Videotape, Audiotape, Suggested Topics and Questions, Interview Techniques (Tenspeen Press, 1986). Workbook with numerous sample questions. Primarily for young adults.

Hasker Nelson, Listening for Our Past: A Lay Guide to African American Oral History Interviewing (Heritage Research Creations, 2000). Focuses on African American family history. More concerned, however, with genealogical questions than with asking interviewees about their own lives.

Donald Ritchie, Doing Oral History: A Practical Guide (Oxford University Press, 2003). A clear, readable introduction to oral history in general.

Vera Rosenbluth, Keeping Family Stories Alive: Discovering and Recording the Stories and Reflections of a Lifetime (Hartley and Marks Publishers, 1997). Includes interviewing tips, questions, and excerpts from sample interviews.

Elizabeth Stone, Black Sheep and Kissing Cousins: How Our Family Stories Shape Us (Penguin, 1984). Explores how families use their shared stories to define themselves.

Katherine Scott Sturdevant, Bringing Your Family History to Life through Social History (Cincinnati: Betterway Books, 2000). Introduction to family history that makes it more than names and dates. Includes information on analyzing family artifacts and photographs, conducting effective oral history interviews doing library research, and writing rich family histories that give the reader a better sense of your family and the times they lived in.

Robert M. Wendlinger, The Memory Triggering Book (Proust Press, 1995). Helps readers find triggers that can inspire vivid, sensory access to past events.


Schau das Video: Top 10 Most Expensive Things In The World 2020 and 2021