Aaron Ward II DD-483 - Geschichte

Aaron Ward II DD-483 - Geschichte

Aaron Ward II.

(DD-483: dp. 2.060; 1. 348'4"; T. 36'1", dr. 13'6", s. 35 K., kpl. 208; T. 4 5", 4 1.1", 5 20 mm., 5 21" tt., 2 Akt., 6 Dcp.; Kl. Gleaves)

Die zweite Aaron Ward (DD - 483) wurde am 11. Februar 1941 in Kearny N.J. von der Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Co. auf Kiel gelegt und am 22. November 1941 vom Stapel gelassen, gesponsert von Miss Hilda Ward, Tochter des verstorbenen Konteradmirals Ward; und in Auftrag gegeben am 4. März 1942, Comdr. Orville F. Gregor im Kommando.

Nach ihrem Shakedown aus Casco Bay, Maine, und der Verfügbarkeit nach dem Shakedown bei der New York Navy Yard segelte Aaron Ward am 20. Mai 1942 in den Pazifik und fuhr über den Panamakanal nach San Diego. Kurze Zeit später, als sich die Schlacht um Midway nach Westen entwickelte, operierte der Zerstörer im Schirm der Task Force (TF) 1 von Vizeadmiral William S. Pye, gebaut aus sieben Schlachtschiffen und dem Flugzeugbegleitschiff Long Island (AVG 1) als es in den Pazifischen Ozean dampfte und schließlich einen Punkt etwa 1.200 Meilen westlich von San Francisco und] ebenso nordöstlich von Hawaii erreichte, um "die gegenwärtigen Operationen gegen den Feind zu unterstützen". Mit der Ablösung von Long Island von der Task Force am 17. Juni überprüfte Aaron Ward sie auf ihrer Rückreise nach San Diego.

Nach lokalen Einsätzen vor der Westküste segelte Aaron Ward am 30. Juni 1942 nach Hawaii und fuhr von dort mit TF 18 zu den Tonga-Inseln. Kurz darauf zu Geleitdiensten abkommandiert, schickte sie den Flottenöler Cimarron (AO 22) nach Noumea. Im Verlauf der Reise stellte sie am 5. August und am folgenden Tag zwei solide Kontakte her, die sie aufbaute und mit Wasserbomben angriff. Obwohl sie in jedem Fall einen wahrscheinlichen Untergang behauptete, wurde in der Nachkriegsrechnung kein "Töten" bestätigt. Anschließend wurde Aaron Ward mit Truppen, die Guadalcanal decken und versorgen wollten, zugewiesen und sah, wie der Träger Wasp (CV-7) am 15. September 1942 von 1-19 torpediert wurde.

Innerhalb eines Monats wurde Aaron Ward für eine Landbombardierung am 17. Oktober vorgesehen. Sie stand an diesem Tag um 07:17 Uhr in den Lunga Roads, um einen Marine-Verbindungsoffizier anzulügen und abzuwarten, der Ziele für das Schiff bestimmen würde. Bevor sie jedoch Passagiere an Bord nehmen konnte, entdeckte sie fünf feindliche Bomber, die sich von Westen näherten. Diese griffen Aaron Ward gegen 07:24 Uhr an, stießen jedoch auf ein schweres Flakfeuer sowohl vom Schiff als auch von den Marinegeschützen an Land. Der Zerstörer fuhr mit Flankengeschwindigkeit voraus, als er den Angreifern half, Ausweichmanöver durchzuführen und den fallenden Bomben zu entgehen, die je nach Gelegenheit radikal nach rechts oder links schwenkten. Drei Bomben schlugen 100 bis 300 Meter hinter dem Schiff ein. Die Marines behaupteten jedoch, dass zwei der fünf Angreifer zerstört wurden, während das Schiff und die Marines einen dritten "Tötungen" teilten.

Nach der Aktion stand der Zerstörer um 08:00 Uhr in den Lunga Roads und schiffte Martin Clemens ein, den ehemaligen britischen Konsularvertreter auf Guadalcanal, Maj. C.M. Nees, USMC und Corporal R. M. Howard USMC, ein Fotograf, machten sich kurz darauf auf den Weg und erreichten ihr Zielgebiet innerhalb von 40 Minuten. Drei Stunden lang beschoss Aaron Ward japanische Küstenpositionen, deren Ziele von einer Geschützstellung bis hin zu Munitionsdeponien reichten; Feuer, Rauch und Explosionen kennzeichneten ihren Besuch, als sie die Gegend verließ. Als sie um 12:16 Uhr die Lunga Roads erreichte, verließ sie ihre Passagiere und nachdem sie für einen japanischen Luftangriff in Alarmbereitschaft war, der nicht zustande kam, säuberte sie den Lengo-Kanal und schloss sich ihrer Task Force wieder an.

Drei Tage später, während Aaron Ward erneut Kontrolloperationen durchführte, sah er am 20. Oktober, wie der schwere Kreuzer Chester (CA-27) einen Torpedotreffer erlitt. Der Zerstörer kam dem angeschlagenen Kreuzer zu Hilfe und warf ein volles Wasserbombenmuster auf den Angreifer von Chester (1-1 76), kam aber mit leeren Händen auf. Anschließend eskortierte sie das beschädigte Schiff nach Espiritu Santo.

Zehn Tage nach ihrer fehlgeschlagenen Jagd nach 1-176 führte Aaron Ward eine weitere Bombardierung japanischer Stellungen auf Guadalcanal durch, diesmal in Begleitung des leichten Kreuzers Atlanta (CL-51), dem Flaggschiff von Konteradmiral Norman Scott (Commander, Task Group ( TG) 64.4) und die Zerstörer Benham (DD-397), Fletcher (DD - 45) und Lardner (DD-487). Als die Einsatzgruppe am 30. Oktober um 05:20 Uhr am Lunga Point ankam, trat ein Verbindungsoffizier von Generalmajor Alexander A. Vandegrift, dem Kommandeur der 1. Marinedivision, 20 Minuten später in Atlanta ein.

Die TG 64.4 erreichte ihren Bestimmungsort dampfend innerhalb einer Stunde und um 06:29 Uhr eröffnete das Flaggschiff von Admiral Scott das Feuer. Aaron Ward folgte kurz darauf; Schließlich, bevor sie um 0840 das Feuer einstellte, verbrauchte sie 711 Runden 5-Zoll-Munition. Aaron Ward machte eine kurze Pause, um ein gemeldetes U-Boot in der Nähe zu untersuchen, und räumte dann das Gebiet kurz vor 09:00 Uhr, als ihre Mission abgeschlossen war.

Aaron Ward überwachte am 11. und 12. November Transporte, die Männer und Material vor Guadalcanal entladen, wobei er ein feindliches Flugzeug beanspruchte und am ersten Tag zwei weitere und am zweiten zwei weitere Flugzeuge vor Lunga Point beschädigte.

Am 12. November um 18.30 Uhr zog sich Aaron Ward mit ihrer Einsatzgruppe in östlicher Richtung zurück. Noch später kehrte die Truppe – fünf Kreuzer und acht Zerstörer – unter Konteradmiral Daniel J. Callaghan den Kurs um und trat durch den Lengo-Kanal zurück. Am 13. November um 01:30 Uhr nahmen die amerikanischen Schiffe, die Radar besaßen, zahlreiche Kontakte auf ihren Bildschirmen auf - die "Volunteer Attack Force" unter Konteradmiral Hiroaki Abe, die aus zwei Schlachtschiffen, einem leichten Kreuzer und 14 Zerstörern bestand.

Aaron Ward, der die vier Zerstörer anführte, die das Ende von Callaghans Kolonne bildeten, traf um 01:45 Uhr mit ihrem FD-Radar auf die japanischen Schiffe und eröffnete kurz darauf das Feuer auf ein Ziel, das sie für ein Schlachtschiff hielt. Kurze Zeit später, nachdem das Schiff ungefähr 10 Salven abgefeuert hatte, sah sie, dass die Kreuzer vor ihr offensichtlich den Kurs geändert hatten und beide Maschinen um 05:55 Uhr stoppten und zurücksetzten, beobachtete Aaron Ward, dass zwei Torpedos unter ihr vorbeizogen.

Einen Augenblick später explodierte Barton (DD-599) in der Nähe – sie war von dem Zerstörer Amatsukaze torpediert worden, kurz bevor Aaron Ward, mit klarem Wasser vor ihr, erneut vorwölkte. Sie bereitete sich darauf vor, Torpedos auf ein Ziel nach Backbord abzufeuern, tat es jedoch nicht, weil sie ein Schiff sichtete, das sie für Sar Francisco (CA 38) in 1500 Metern Entfernung hielt. Um 02:04 Uhr, als Aaron Ward beobachtete, was sie für Sterett (DD 407) hielt, der direkt auf ihre Backbordseite zusteuerte, ging sie Flankengeschwindigkeit voraus und legte ihr Ruder über Hartbackbord, um eine Kollision zu vermeiden.

Kurze Zeit später begann der Zerstörer auf ein feindliches Schiff zu schießen und schleuderte etwa 25 Salven in ihre Richtung; Ihr Ziel könnte der japanische Zerstörer Akatsuki gewesen sein, der explodierte und unterging und alle Hände mit sich nahm. Aaron Ward änderte seinen Kurs, um ein neues Ziel im Nahkampf zu erreichen, und schaffte es, vier Salven unter der Kontrolle des Direktors abzufeuern, bis eine japanische Granate den Direktor außer Gefecht setzte und die Kanoniere des Zerstörers zwang, sich auf die lokale Kontrolle zu verlassen.

In den darauffolgenden Minuten erhielt Aaron Ward acht weitere Volltreffer, da er nicht in der Lage war, Freund von Feind zu unterscheiden und sich sicher war, dass der Feind seinen amerikanischen Charakter sicher etabliert hatte, stach der Zerstörer dann heraus, um das Gebiet zu säubern. Um 02:22 Uhr verlor sie die Kontrolle über die Lenkung und versuchte, mit ihren Motoren zu lenken, nach rechts zu kommen. Als Aaron Ward nach 02:30 Uhr kein Feuer mehr sah, als die Schlacht anscheinend endete, ging Aaron Ward um 02:35 Uhr tot im Wasser, ihr vorderer Maschinenraum war mit Salzwasser überflutet und ihr Speisewasser war verschwunden.

Mit einer Benzinpumpe gelang es der Besatzung des Zerstörers jedoch, Salzwasser in die Tanks zu pumpen und die Kessel anzuzünden. Um 05:00 Uhr bewegte sich Aaron Ward langsam vorwärts, in Richtung Sea Lark Channel, zehn Minuten später schlossen amerikanische Motortorpedoboote und der Zerstörer gab ihnen ein Zeichen Tulagi um einen Schlepper zu bitten. Sie hielt ihr Kriechtempo jedoch nur eine halbe Stunde durch, als sie wieder tot im Wasser lag.

Dreißig Minuten nachdem sie angehalten hatte, entdeckte Aaron Ward einen unwillkommenen Anblick: ein japanisches Schlachtschiff Hiei, das langsam im Kreis zwischen Savo und den Florida-Inseln dampfte. Ebenfalls in der Nähe, näher an Guadalcanal, lagen Atlanta, Portland (CA–33), Cushing (D–376) und Monssen (D–436), alle beschädigt, und die Zerstörer brannten beide. Die Anwesenheit des japanischen Zerstörers Yudachi in der Nähe erwies sich als ihr eigenes Verderben: Portland versenkte sie kurz darauf kurzerhand.

Aaron Ward, vielleicht durch Hieis Nähe noch dringender dazu veranlasst, machte sich um 06:18 Uhr auf den Weg und begrüßte zwei Minuten später Bobolink (ATO-131), der eingetroffen war, um den Zerstörer im Schlepptau zu nehmen. Doch bevor die Schleppleine montiert werden konnte, entdeckte Hiei Aaron Ward und eröffnete das Feuer mit ihren schweren Geschützen. Vier Salven mit zwei Kanonen donnerten aus dem Schlachtschiff, von denen die dritte über dem verkrüppelten Zerstörer saß. Glücklicherweise begannen Flugzeuge, die von Henderson Field geschickt wurden, über Hiei zu arbeiten und lenkten gerade noch rechtzeitig ihre Aufmerksamkeit ab.

Um 06:35 Uhr verlor Aaron Ward erneut die Energie, wurde von Bobolink ins Schlepptau genommen und die Schiffe begannen, sich in Sicherheit zu bringen. Um 06:50 übergab der Schlepper den Schlepper an ein lokales Patrouillenboot (YP), und der Zerstörer ankerte um 08:30 Uhr im Hafen von Tulagi in der Nähe der Insel Makambo. Bei den neun Volltreffern, die es erhalten hatte, kamen 15 Mann ums Leben und 57 wurden verwundet. Nachdem Aaron Ward vor Ort vorübergehende Reparaturen erhalten hatte, segelte er kurz darauf nach Hawaii und erreichte Peari Harbour am 20. Dezember 1942 für dauerhafte Reparaturen.

Der Zerstörer schloss sich am 6. Februar 1943 wieder der Flotte an und nahm bald die Geleitarbeit wieder auf. Während eines Einsatzes mit einem kleinen Konvoi am 20. März half sie dabei, angreifende japanische Flugzeuge zu vertreiben. Kurze Zeit später, am 7. April, hatte sie den Schnelltransporter Ward (APD-16) und drei Tanklandungsboote (LCT) von den Russell-Inseln nach Savo eskortiert. Der Zerstörer erwartete nicht, vor 14.00 Uhr anzukommen, fuhr mit 25 Knoten voraus, um Ward und die drei LCTs mit Luftschutz zu versorgen, bis sie Tulagi erreichten. Gegen Mittag erhielt der Zerstörer jedoch keine Mitteilung über einen bevorstehenden Luftangriff auf Guadaleanal.

Als sich die Schiffe ihrem Ziel näherten, erhielt Aaron Ward gegen 13:30 Uhr den Befehl, ihren Konvoi zu verlassen, um LST-449 vor Togoma Point, Guadaleanal, zu decken. Um 14:19 Uhr schloss sich der Zerstörer dem Panzerlandungsschiff an und wies es an, seinen Bewegungen zu folgen und beim Anflug feindlicher Flugzeuge im Zickzack zu fahren. Während die LST manövrierte, um sich den Bewegungen von Aaron VVard anzupassen, plante der Kapitän des letzteren, sich durch den Lengo-Kanal nach Osten zurückzuziehen, wie es andere Frachtschiffe und Begleitschiffe nach Erhalt der Luftangriffswarnung von Guadalcanal taten.

Aaron Ward beobachtete einen Luftkampf über der Insel Savo und verfolgte eine nähere Gruppe japanischer Flugzeuge, die über Tulagi nach Süden fuhren; Als das Schiff nach Steuerbord schwenkte, sah es plötzlich drei feindliche Flugzeuge, die aus der Sonne kamen. Aaron Ward drängte auf Flankengeschwindigkeit und legte ihr Ruder ganz nach links, eröffnete das Feuer mit ihren 20-Millimeter- und 40-Millimeter-Geschützen, kurz darauf gefolgt von ihrer 5-Zoll-Batterie. Bomben der ersten drei Flugzeuge schlugen auf oder in der Nähe des Schiffes ein, und die Minenwirkung der Beinahe-Unfälle erwies sich als verheerend; Die erste Bombe war ein Beinahe-Unfall, der Löcher in die Seite des Schiffes riss, was es dem vorderen Freroom ermöglichte, Wasser schnell zu transportieren, die zweite schlug im Maschinenraum ein und verursachte einen Verlust der gesamten elektrischen Leistung auf der 5-Zoll- und 40-Zoll-Bombe. Millimeter-Halterungen. Die Kanoniere wechselten jedoch zur lokalen Kontrolle und hielten das Feuer aufrecht. Eine dritte Bombe platschte dicht an Bord und durchbohrte ihre Backbordseite, in der Nähe des Achtermaschinenraums. Nachdem das Schiff die Ruderleistung verloren hatte, schwenkte das Schiff weiter nach links, als ein weiteres Trio von Sturzkampfbombern ihre Ladungen auf den jetzt hilflosen Zerstörer löste. Während keine dieser Bomben das Schiff traf, landeten zwei sehr nahe seiner Backbordseite. Zwanzig Zerstörer waren gestorben; 59 wurden verwundet, sieben wurden vermisst.

Trotz der Testanstrengungen ihrer entschlossenen Besatzung und der Assistenten von Ortolan (ASR-5) und Vireo (ATO-144) ließ sich der Zerstörer jedoch tiefer im Wasser nieder. Als klar wurde, dass der Kampf um Aaron Ward verloren war, versuchten Ortolan und Vireo, sie auf einer Untiefe in der Nähe von Tinete Point zu stranden. Um 21:35 Uhr sank Aaron Ward jedoch mit dem Heck voran in 40 Faden Wasser, nur 600 Meter vom Untiefenwasser entfernt.

Aaron Ward wurde für ihren Dienst im Zweiten Weltkrieg mit vier Kampfsternen ausgezeichnet.


USS Aaron Ward (DM-34)

Das dritte Schiff namens USS Aaron Ward (DD-773/DM-34) zu Ehren von Konteradmiral Aaron Ward war ein Robert H. Smith-Klasse Zerstörer Minenleger im Dienst der United States Navy.

  • 6 x 5 Zoll (127 mm)/38 Kal. Waffen
  • 12 x 40-mm-Geschütze
  • 8 x 20 mm Kanonen
  • 2 x Wasserbombenspuren
  • 4 x Wasserladungsprojektoren
  • 80 Minen

Sie wurde niedergelegt als ein Allen M. Sumner-Klasse Zerstörer (DD-773) am 12. Dezember 1943 in San Pedro, Kalifornien, von der Bethlehem Shipbuilding und vom Stapel gelaufen am 5. Mai 1944, gesponsert von Frau G. H. Ratliff. Das Schiff wurde in einen Zerstörer-Minenleger umbenannt, DM-34, am 19. Juli 1944, und am 28. Oktober 1944 unter dem Kommando von Commander William H. Sanders Jr. in Dienst gestellt.


Aaron Ward được chế tạo tại xưởng tàu của hãng Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Company Kearny, New Jersey. Nó được đặt lườn vào ngày 11 tháng 2 năm 1941 được hạ thủy vào ngày 22 tháng 11 năm 1941, và được đỡ đầu bởi cô Hilda Ward, con gái Chuẩn đô đốc Ward. Con tàu được cho nhập biên chế cùng Hải quân Hoa Kỳ vào ngày 4 tháng 3 năm 1942 dưới quyền chỉ huy của Trung tá Hải quân Orville F. Gregor.

1942 Sửa đổi

Sau khi hoàn tất chạy thử máy ngoài khơi Casco Bay, Maine và hiệu chỉnh sau thử máy tại Xưởng hải quân New York, Aaron Ward lên ng i sang khu vực Thái Bình Dương vào ngày 20 tháng 5 năm 1942, băng qua kênh ào Panama để i in San Diego, Kalifornien. Ít lâu sau đó, đang khi Trận Midway được phát triển về phía Tây, nó được điều vào thành phần hộ tống cho Lực lượng Đặc nhiệm 1 d một tàu sân bay hộ tống, chiếc Long Island, khi lực lượng này lên đường tiến ra Thái Bình Dương „để hỗ trợ hoạt động chống lại đối phương nếu cần thiết“. Khi đi n một điểm về phía Đông Bắc quần đảo Hawaii cách San Francisco, Kalifornien khoảng 1.200 sm (2.200 km), Long Island được cho tách ra khỏi lực lượng đặc nhiệm vào ngày 17 tháng 6, và Aaron Ward đã hộ tống nó Kai trở lại San Diego.

Sau các hoạt động tại chỗ ngoài khơi vùng bờ Tây, Aaron Ward lên đường i Hawaii vào ngày 30 tháng 6, rồi tiếp tục đi n vùng quần đảo Tonga cùng Lực lượng Đặc nhiệm 18. Được phân nhiệm vụ hộ tđúng shonl Cimarron đi in Nouméa. Trên đường i, nó hai lần bắt được tính hiệu Sonar nghi ngờ của tàu ngầm đối phương: một lần vào ngày 5 tháng 8, và một lần nữa vào ngày. Tấn công vào mục Tiêu nghi Ngo Bằng min SAU, chiếc tàu khu Truc tự nhận trong ça hai lần có thể đã đánh Chim tàu ​​ngam đổi Phuong Nhung Nhung Chiến công này không thể XAC nhận BOI Nhung TÜ Lieu thu được sau Chiến tranh. Được giao nhiệm vụ hộ tống cho lực lượng bảo vệ và tiếp liệu in Guadalcanal, nó chứng kiến ​​tàu sân bay Wespe bị trúng ngư lôi phóng tàu ngầm Nhật I-19 vào ngày 15 tháng 9.

Aaron Ward được giao một nhiệm vụ bắn phá bờ biển vào ngày 17 tháng 10. Nó đi đến ngoài khơi Lunga Roads, Guadalcanal chờ đợi một sĩ quan liên lạc . Tuy nhiên, trước khi đón được vị khách lên tàu, nó phát hiện năm máy bay ném bom đối phương tiếp cận từ phía Tây. Chúng tấn công nhắm vào nó, nhưng lọt vào vùng hỏa lực phòng không của cả con tàu lẫn lực lượng Thủy quân Lục chiến trên bờ. Con tàu đã cơ động để né tránh ba quả bom đã rơi cách đuôi tàu 100–300 yd (91–274 m). Lực lượng Thủy quân Lục chiến trên bờ đã bắn hạ được hai máy bay đối phương, và cùng với con tàu chia sẻ chiến công thứ ba. Saurp khi trận chiến đã qua đi, chiếc tàu khu trục đón lên tàu Martin Clemens, nguyên đại diện lãnh sự Anh tại Guadalcanal, Thiếu tá Thủy quânhế CM Nees chiế m RM nhanh chóng khởi hành đi n khu vực mục tiêu trong vòng 40 phút. Trong ba giờ, Aaron Ward đã bắn phá các công sự, điểm đặt pháo và kho đạn của quân Nhật trên bờ. Khi Quay trở lại Lunga Roads, nó tiễn những vị khách lên bờ, bước vào trực chiến tun một lệnh báo động không kích nhưng đã không xảypự rồi go lpự rồi go lpựr.

Ba ngày sau, đang khi tiếp tục làm nhiệm vụ hộ tống vào ngày 20 tháng 10, Aaron Ward chứng kiến ​​tàu tuần dương hạng nặng Chester trúng một quả ngư lôi phóng từ tàu ngầm Nhật I-176. Nó đi n cứu giúp con tàu bị hư hại và thả một verlor mìn sâu vào kẻ tấn công, nhưng không mang lại kết quả. Nó hộ tống chiếc tàu tuần dương bị hư hại kai trở về Espiritu Santo. Mười ngày sau, nó tiến hành một đợt bắn phá khác xuống Guadalcanal, lần này cùng với tàu tuần dương hạng nhẹ Atlanta, soái hạm của Chuẩn đô c Norman Scott, và các tàu khu trục Benham, FletcherLardner.

Đi đến ngoài khơi Lunga Point lúc 05 giờ 20 phút ngày 30 tháng 10, Atlanta ón lên tàu hai mươi phút sau đó một sĩ quan liên lạc c Thiếu tướng Alexander A. Vandegrift, Tư lệnh Sư đoàn 1 Thủy quân Lục chiến phái đến. Đi n khu vực được chỉ định chỉ sau một giờ, Atlanta khai hỏa và c Aaron Ward tiếp nối không lâu sau ó nó tiêu phí tổng cộng 711 quả đạn pháo 5 Zoll. Tạm dừng để điều tra một tín hiệu nghi ngờ tàu ngầm đối phương tại khu vực lân cận, nó sau đó rời đi.

Hải Chiến Guadalcanal Sửa đổi

Aaron Ward hộ tống các tàu vận tải chất dỡ binh lính và tiếp liệu ngoài khơi Guadalcanal trong các ngày 11-12 tháng 11, bắn rơi một máy bay đối phương vàc khm Phia Đồng Minh nhận được Zinn TUC về một Lực Luong tàu NOI Nhật Bản Lớn được Gui đến để vô Hiệu hóa các Hoat động không Lực Đồng Minh xuất Phát từ Sân Bucht Henderson, Cung như Hô tro cho việc DJO bộ Lực Luong Tăng Vien Nhật Bản lên o này. Trận Hải chiến Guadalcanal trở nên một cộc mốc lớn trong suốt Chiến dịch Guadalcanal.

Chiều tối ngày 12 tháng 11, Aaron Ward rút lui về phía Đông cùng với lực lượng đặc nhiệm của nó, bao gồm năm tàu ​​tuần dương và tám tàu ​​khu trục dưới quyền chuẩn chuẩn Jđ. Sau đó lực lượng kay mũi trở lại, băng qua eo biển Lengo. Lúc khoảng 01 giờ 25 phút ngày 13 tháng 11, các tàu chiến Mỹ có trang bị Radar bắt được nhiều mục tiêu trên màn hình, chính là "Lực lượng Tn cônkn chính là "Lực lượng Tấn cônkn chn chn chn ngun ngun chn giáp hạm HieiKirishima, tàu tuần dương hạng nhẹ Nagara cùng 14 tàu khu trục.

Aaron Ward dẫn đầu bốn tàu khu trục đi phía cuối i hình của Callaghan, khai hỏa không lâu sau ó vào mục tiêu được cho là một thiết giáp hạm. Sau khi bắn được mười loạt pháo, nó phát hiện ra các tàu tuần dương dẫn trước đã đổi hướng, và hai quả ngư lôi đi sát cạnh nó. Một lúc sau, Barton bị nổ tung do trúng ngư lôi phóng từ tàu khu trục Nhật Amatsukaze. Tiếp tục tiến lên phía trước, Aaron Ward chuẩn bị phóng ngư lôi vào một mục tiêu bên mạn trái, nhưng đã không khai hỏa vì kịp nhận ra mục tiêu lại là tàu tuần dương San Francisco đang ở khoảng cach 1.500 yd (1,4 km). Trông thấy tàu khu trục Sterette đang hướng thẳng n nó t. m.n trái, nó ph.i b. ​​lái g.p sang m.n trái để tránh va ch.m. Một lúc sau, nó nổ singen nhắm vào một tàu i phương, bắn khoảng 25 loạt n pháo vào mục tiêu có thể là tàu khu trục Akatsuki khiến nó nổ tung và đắm với tổn thất toàn bộ thành viên thủy thủ đoàn. Đổi huong để Nham vào một mục Tiêu Khac trong sự lon XON, chiếc tàu khu TRUC né tranh được BON Loat DJAN phao đổi Phương trước KHI một Qua DJAN phao Nhật đánh Trung bộ KIEM SOAT HOA luc NOT Not các Khau phao của nó PhaI điều kiển tại chỗ.

Trong những phút tiếp theo, Aaron Ward bị bắn trúng thêm tám phát trực tiếp, không thể phân biệt bạn và thù, và biết chắc đối phương đã nhận rõ kiểu dáng tàu k kủn r. Nó mất kiểm soát bánh lái lúc 02 giờ 25 phút, và chỉ i hướng bằng cách thay đổi vòng quay động cơ, nó rời sang mạn phải. Không còn phát súng nào được bắn lúc 02 giờ 30 phút, khi trận chiến rà ràng đã kết thúc, con tàu chết đứng giữa biển lúc 02 giờ phòngphng à công cô ngcấ cho nồi hơi. Sử dụng bơm chạy xăng, thủy thủ oàn bơm nước mặn vào nồi hơi và tái khởi động động cơ. Đến 05 giờ 00, nó di chuyển chậm về phía trước, băng qua eo biển Sealark mười phút sau, các xuồng phóng lôt Hoa Kỳ tiếp cận, và nó ra tót c di chuyển chậm trong nữa giờ trước khi lại chết đứng giữa biển.

Ba mươi phút sau, Aaron Ward trông thấy chiếc thiết giáp hạm Nhật Bản Hiei di chuyển chầm chậm theo vòng tròn giữa Savo và quần đảo Florida. Cạnh đó, gần hơn về phía Guadalcanal, là Atlanta, Portland, CushingMonssen, tất cả đều bị hư hại, cả hai tàu khu trục u đang cháy. Tàu khu trục Nhật Bản Yudachi hiện diện chỉ để chờ đợi Portland kết liễu ánh chìm nó.

Cảm thấy cấp bách do sự hiện diện của Hiei khoảng cach gần, Aaron Ward lại di chuyển trở lại được lúc 06 giờ 18 phút, và hai phút sau đã gặp gỡ chiếc tàu kéo Bobolink, vốn đi n kéo chiếc tàu khu trục. Trước khi nối được cap, Hiei phát hiện ra Aaron Ward và khai hỏa các khẩu pháo hạng nặng của nó. Bốn loạt hai khẩu đã c bắn ra, verlor thứ ba suýt trúng vây quanh chiếc tàu khu trục hư hỏng. May mắn cho các con tàu Hoa Kỳ, những máy bay cất cánh từ sân bay Henderson bắt đầu tấn công chiếc thiết giáp hạm, thu hút sự chú ý của nó.

Aaron Ward lại bị mất động lực lúc 06 giờ 35 phút, nhưng nó được Bobolink kéo, bắt đầu di chuyển in khu vực an toàn. Chiếc tàu kéo chuyển giao nhiệm vụ cho một tàu tuần tra địa phương lúc 06 giờ 50 phút, và chiếc tàu khu trục thả neo trong cảng Tulagi gần ú đảo Makgiờ 30 lúc Chín phát n bắn trúng trực tiếp đã khiến 15 người tử trận và 57 người bị thương. Sau khi được sửa chữa tạm thời tại chỗ, nó lên đường đi Hawaii không lâu sau đó, đi đến Trân Châu Cảng vào ngày 20 tháng 12 để được sửa chữ.

1943 Sửa đổi

Aaron Ward gia nhập trở lại hạm đội vào ngày 6 tháng 2 năm 1943, tiếp nối hoạt động hộ tống không lâu sau ó. Trong một chuyến đi cùng một đoàn tàu vận tải nhỏ vào ngày 20 tháng 3, nó giúp đánh đuổi những máy bay đối phương tấn công. t lâu sau, vào ngày 7 tháng 4, nó hộ tống chiếc Station cùng ba tàu bộ LCT từ o Russell in Savo. Dự kiến ​​đến nơi vào khoảng 14 giờ 00, nó đi trước với vận tốc 25 hải lý trên giờ (46 km/h) để bảo vệ phòng không cho Station và ba chiếc LCT cho n khi chúng đi n Tulagi. n khoảng trưa, chiếc tàu khu trục được cảnh báo về một cuộc không kích đang diễn ra tại Guadalcanal.

Khi các con tàu gần tới đich n, Aaron Ward được lệnh tách khỏi đoàn tàu để bảo vệ cho USS LST-449 ngoài khơi Togoma Point, Guadalcanal. Một trong những hành khách trên LST-449 vào lúc này là Trung úy Hải quân John F. Kennedy, vị Tổng thống tương lai của Hoa Kỳ. Gia nhập cùng chiếc LST lúc 14 giờ 19 phút, nó hướng dẫn chiếc tàu đổ bộ chạy Zick-Zack né tránh máy bay đối phương đang ở gần. Hạm trưởng của Aaron Ward, Thiếu tá Hải quân Frederick J. Becton, dự định rút lui về phía Đông qua eo biển Lengo, giống như các tàu vận tải và tàu hộ tốngá khác kông

Bị đánh chìm Sửa đổi

Trông thấy một trận không chiến bên trên đảo Savo, Aaron Ward theo dõi một tốp máy bay Nhật Bản hướng về phía Nam bên trên Tulagi. ang khi b. lái sang m.n ph.i, nó b.t ng. phát hi.n ba máy bay .i ph.ng ló ra t. phía m.t tr.i. Lập tức bẻ lái trở lại sang mạn trái, nó tăng tốc hết mức đồng thời khai hỏa các khẩu pháo phòng không Oerlikon 20 mm và Bofors 40 mm, và bở sau cđch38 Tuy nhiên nó không thể ngăn chặn các máy bay của đợt tấn công thứ nhất ném ba quả bom trúng đích hoặc suýt trúng.

Quả thứ nhất suýt trúng ngay sát cạnh lườn tàu, xé toang một lổ hổng khiến phòng nồi hơi phía trước nhanh chóng bị ngập nước. Quả thứ hai đánh trúng phòng động cơ, khiến con tàu bị mất điện cung cấp n các khẩu pháo 5 inch và 40 mm tuy nhiên các pháo thủ đ n h chuyển hn h n nhiên các pháo thủ đ chuyển h Quả bom thứ ba nổ sát cạnh con tàu bên mạn trái, làm thủng một lổ bên mạn trái gần phòng động cơ phía sau. Bị mất điện điều khiển khiến kẹt bánh lái, con tàu tiếp tục chạy vòng qua mạn trái trong khi một đợt ba máy bay ném bom bổ nhào khác ti Cho dù không có quả bom nào trúng đích trực tiếp, hai quả đã nổ sát mạn trái con tàu.

Aber chấp mọi cố gắng của thủy thủ đoàn và sự trợ giúp của các tàu quét mìn Ortolan (ASR-5) và Vireo (ATO-144), con tàu tiếp tục ngập nước, và khi những nỗ lực cứu Aaron Ward das bại, OrtolanVireo tìm cách cho mắc cạn nó tại một bãi đá ngầm gần Tinete Point thuộc quần đảo Nggela. Tuy nhiên, n 21 giờ 35 phút, Aaron Ward đắm với đuôi chìm trước tại tọa độ 9°10′30″N 160°12′0″Đ  /  9,175°N 160,2°Đ  / -9.17500 160.20000 Tọa độ: 9°10′30″N 160° 12′0″Đ  /  9,175°N 160,2°Đ  / -9,17500 160.20000 , ở độ sâu 40 sải (73 m), chỉ cách bãi đá ngầm 600 yd (550 m). Hai mười người trong số thủy thủ oàn của Aaron Ward đã tử trận, 59 người bị thương và thêm bảy người khác mất tích.

Các thợ lặn đã tìm được xác tàu đắm của Aaron Ward vào ngày 4 tháng 9 n.m. 1994. Chuyến lặn đầu tiên để khám phá xác tàu diễn ra vào ngày 25. 9. n.m. 1994. Độ sâu của xác tàu .

Aaron Ward c tặng thưởng bốn Ngôi sao Chiến trận tun thành tích phục vụ trong Thế Chiến II.


Schlacht um Okinawa, 24. März - 30. Juni 1945

Erinnerungen an Kommandant Frederick Julian Becton, USN, Kommandierender Offizier des Zerstörers USS Laffey (DD-724), der am 16.

Angepasst an das Interview mit Frederick Julian Becton in Kasten 2 der Interviews des Zweiten Weltkriegs, Abteilung Betriebsarchive, Naval Historical Center.

Schlacht um Okinawa, 24. März - 30. Juni 1945

Ich bin Commander Frederick Julian Becton, Kommandierender Offizier der USS Laffey. Die Laffey wurde in Bath, Maine gebaut und am 8. Februar 1944 in Boston, Massachusetts, im Navy Yard in Dienst gestellt.

Nach einer kurzen Shakdown-Phase nahm das Schiff im Juni 1944 an der Normandie-Invasion teil, danach nahm es am 25 explodieren.

Nach der Rückkehr in die Staaten für Reparaturen und Umbauten ging das Schiff in den Pazifik und schloss sich im November 1944 der dritten Flotte von Admiral [William F. "Bull" Halsey" für Streiks gegen die philippinischen Inseln im November an .

Das Schiff schloss sich Anfang Dezember 1944 der 7. Flotte unter Admiral Kinkaid im Golf von Leyte [Philippinen] an und nahm am 7. Dezember 1944 an der Landung der 77. Division der US-Armee in Ormoc Bay teil. Dies war unsere erste Erfahrung mit das Kamikaze Suicide Corps [Einheiten japanischer Flugzeuge, die in fliegende Bomben verwandelt werden, die von ihren Piloten auf Schiffe der US Navy abgeschossen werden sollen, um sie zu versenken oder schwer zu beschädigen]. Das Schiff und der gesamte Konvoi wurden von etwa 10 Uhr morgens bis zur Dunkelheit des Abends unaufhörlich angegriffen.

Die nächste Landung, an der das Schiff teilnahm, war am 15. Dezember 1944 in Mindoro.

Die nächste Landung war etwa zwei Wochen später, als das Schiff am 2. Januar den Golf von Leyte verließ und zum Golf von Lingayen [ebenfalls auf den Philippinen] fuhr, um bei den Aufweichungsaktivitäten und Bombardierungen vor der Landung der Armee am 9. Januar 1945 zu helfen.

Wir blieben bis etwa zum 22. Januar im Gebiet des Lingayen-Golfs und schlossen uns dann der Task Force von Admiral Mitcher in Ulithi an.

Teilnahme an Tokio-Streiks.

Die nächste Operation, an der das Schiff teilnahm, waren die Angriffe auf Tokio Mitte Februar 1945, wonach die Trägergruppen nach Süden aufbrachen, um die Landung von Iwo Jima zu unterstützen. We went back for the second strikes on Tokyo about the 24th of February, and returning from that, went into Ulithi where we remained until we were ready for the Okinawa operation.

We departed Ulithi for the Okinawa landings on the 21st of March, arrived at Okinawa the 24th of March, and performed screening duties with the battleships and cruisers [protecting them from Japanese aircraft and submarines] who were bombarding the beaches until the major landing on April 1st, 1945. Thereafter, we took up station to the north of Okinawa at radar picket station number one about 35 miles north of Okinawa [these picket stations gave advance warning of the approach of enemy aircraft or ships].

Our tour of duty on this picket station was uneventful until the morning of April 16th, when we underwent a concentrated attack by Japanese suicide planes. The attack commenced about 8:27 [a.m.] when we were attacked by four Vals [single-engine Japanese Aichi D3A naval dive bomber with a 2-man crew], which split, two heading for our bow and two swinging around to attack us from the stern. We shot down three of these and combined with a nearby LCS [support landing craft] in splashing the fourth one. Then two other planes came in from either bow, both of which were shot down by us. It was about the seventh plane that we were firing on that finally crashed into us amidships and started a huge fire. This marked us as a cripple with the flames and smoke billowing up from the ship and the Japs really went to work on us after that.

Two planes came in quick succession from astern and crashed into our after [rear of the ship] five-inch twin mount. The first one carried a bomb which exploded on deck. The second one dropped its bomb on deck before crashing into the after mount. Shortly thereafter, two more planes came in on the port quarter crashing into the deckhouse just forward of the crippled after five-inch mount. This sent a flood of gasoline into the two compartments below the after crew's head [bathroom] and with the fire that was already raging in the after crew's compartment just aft of the five-inch mount number three, we now had fires going in all of the after three living spaces, besides the big fire topside in the vicinity of the number four 40 mm [antiaircraft gun] mount.

The two planes. no, the next one was a plane from our port quarter that dropped a bomb just about our port [left] propeller and jammed our rudder [steering mechanism] when it was 26 degrees left.

Strafed by Approaching Plane.

The next plane came from the port bow, knocked off our yardarm [a horizontally-mounted spar on the radar/radio mast], and a [F4U] Corsair [single engine US fighter with a 1-man crew] chasing it, knocked off our Sugar Charlie [SC air search] radar. Then a plane came in from the port bow carrying a big bomb and was shot down close aboard [in the water near the ship's side]. A large bomb fragment from the exploding bomb knocked out the power in our number two five- inch mount which is the one just forward of the bridge. Shortly thereafter this mount, in manual control, knocked down an Oscar [single-engine Japanese Nakajima Ki-43, Army-type fighter with a 1-man crew] coming in on our starboard bow [from the right-front of the ship] when it was about 500 yards from the ship. At the same time the alert mount captain of number one five- inch mount sighted a Val diving on the ship from the starboard bow, took it under fire and knocked it down about 500 yards from the ship using Victor Tare projectiles. The next plane came yardarm as it pulled out of its dive. It was shot down by the Corsairs ahead of the ship.

The next plane came in from the starboard bow strafing [firing its machine guns] as it approached and dropped a bomb just below the bridge which wiped out our two 20 mms [antiaircraft guns] in that area and killed some of the people in the wardroom [officers' dining and social compartment] battle dressing station. This plane did not try to crash either, and was shot down, after passing over the ship, by our fighter cover.

The last plane that attacked the ship came in from the port bow, and was shot down by the combined fire of the Corsair pilots and our own machine guns, and struck the water close aboard and skidded into the side of the ship, denting the ship's side but causing no damage.

The action had lasted an hour and 20 minutes. We had been attacked by 22 planes, nine of which we had shot down unassisted, eight planes had struck the ship, seven of them with suicidal intent, two of these seven did practically no damage other than knocking off yardarms. Five of these seven did really heavy material damage and killed a lot of our personnel. We had only four of our original eleven .20 mm mounts still in commission. Eight of the original 12 barrels of our .40 mm mounts could still shoot but only in local control, all electrical power to them being gone and our after five-inch mount was completely destroyed. Our engines were still intact.

The fires were still out of control and we were slowly flooding aft. Our rudder was still jammed and remained jammed until we reached port. We tried every engine combination possible to try to make a little headway to the southward but all no avail. We had lost 33 men, killed or missing, about 60 others had been wounded and approximately 30 of these were seriously wounded.

The morning of our attack off Okinawa we had a CAP [combat air patrol] of about 10 planes over us. It was entirely inadequate for the number of attacking Jap planes. Our own radar operators said that they saw as many as 50 bogies [Japanese aircraft] approaching the ship from the north just prior to the attack. Many more planes were undoubtedly sent to our assistance and quite a large number of Jap planes were undoubtedly shot down outside of our own gun range and to the north of us that morning. When the attack was all over we had a CAP of 24 planes protecting us.

Threw live bomb over the side.

One of the highlights of the action occurred when Lieutenant T.W. Runk, [spelled] R-U-N-K, USNR, who was the Communications Officer on the Laffey at the time, went aft to try to free the rudder. He had to clear his way through debris and plane wreckage to reach the fantail [rearmost deck on the ship] and, on his way back to the steering engine room, saw an unexploded bomb on deck which he promptly tossed over the side. His example of courage and daring was one of the most inspiring ones on the Laffey that morning.

Another example of resourcefulness exhibited that morning came when two of the engineers, who were fighting fires in one of the after compartments, were finally driven by the heat of the planes [flames] into the after Diesel generator room. The heat from the burning gasoline scorched the paint on the inside of the Diesel generator room where there was no ventilation whatsoever. The acrid fumes almost suffocated these two men but they called the officer in charge of the after engine room, which was in adjacent compartment, and told him of their predicament. He immediately had one of the men beat a hole through the bulkhead with a hammer and chisel and then, with and electric drill, cut a larger hole to put an air hose through to give them sufficient air until they could be rescued. At the same time other engineering personnel had cleared away the plane wreckage on the topside and with an oxime acetylene torch cut a hole through the deck which enabled these two men to escape. Upon reaching the topside, both of them turned to fighting the fires in the after part of the ship.

The morning after the action we removed one engine from the inside of the after five-inch mount which had been completely destroyed and which had had its port side completely blown off by the explosion of the initial plane, which was carrying a bomb when it crashed into this mount. The second plane which crashed into that mount had also done great damage to it. And the next morning we pulled one engine out of the inside of the mount and another engine was sitting beside the mount with the remains of the little Jap pilot just aft of the engine. There was very little left of him, however.

We transferred our injured personnel to a smaller ship that afternoon, which took them immediately to Okinawa. We were taken in tow by a light mine-sweeper in the early afternoon, about three hours after the attack and the mine-sweeper turned the tow over a short time later to a tug, which had been sent to our rescue. Another tug came alongside us to assist in pumping out our flooded spaces and with one tug towing us and the other alongside pumping us, we reached Okinawa early the next morning.

Put soft patches on hull.

After reaching Okinawa and pumping out all our flooded spaces, we put soft patches on four small holes we found in the underwater body in the after part of the ship. It took about five days to patch the ship up sufficiently for it to start the journey back to Pearl Harbor.

After leaving Okinawa we proceeded to Saipan and thence to Eniwetok and from Eniwetok on to Pearl Harbor.

About the seventh plane that attacked us, it came in on the port bow and he was low on the water and I kept on turning with about 25 degrees left rudder towards him to try to keep him on the beam. He swung back towards our stern and then cut in directly towards our stern and then cut in directly towards the ship. I kept turning to port to try to keep him on the beam and concentrate the maximum gunfire on him and as we turned, we could see him skidding farther aft all the time. I finally saw that he wouldn't quite make [it to hit] the bridge but then I was afraid he was going to strike the hull in the vicinity of the engine room, but about a hundred yards out from the ship, he finally straightened out and went over the fantail nicking the edge of five-inch mount three and then crashed into the water beyond the ship.

Of course, many people have various ideas about how to avoid these Kamikazes but the consensus of opinion, so far as I know, to try to keep them on the beam [i.e., coming in on a 90- degree angle to the long axis of the ship, or directly from the side] as much as possible or one reason to concentrate the maximum gunfire on them as they approached. And another reason is to give them less danger space by exposing just the beam of the ship rather than the quarter of the bow for them to attack from. The danger space is much less if they come in from the beam than it would be if they came in from ahead or from astern and had the whole length of the ship to choose in which to crash into. High speed and the twin rudders, with which 2200 ton destroyers are equipped, were believed to have been vital factors in saving our ship that morning off Okinawa.

Interviewer:

Captain Becton, were you on some other destroyer in the early part of the war?

Commander Becton:

Yes, I was in the [USS] Aaron Ward [DD-483] in the early part of the war. I was in the [USS] Gleaves [DD-423] when the war was first declared, but went to the Aaron Ward a short time after that as Chief Engineer, fleeted up [was promoted] to Exec[utive Officer - second in command] and was in there when she went through that night action off Guadalcanal the night of 12-13 November 1942. We were hit by nine shells that night, varying between 5 and 14 inches, but fortunately they were all well above the water line. We were towed into Tulagi [an island near Guadalcanal] the next day and later repaired.

Interviewer:

Were you also on board when the Ward went down?

Commander Becton:

Yes, I was on board the Aaron Ward when she sank off Guadalcanal in April, 1943. After that I went to the squadron staff of ComDesRon [Commander, Destroyer Squadron] 21 and went through three surface actions in the [USS] Nicholas [DD-449]. The first of these was the night of 6 July, in the First Battle of Kolombangara or Kula Gulf when the [light cruiser USS] Helena [CL-50] was sunk. The Nicholas and the [destroyer USS] Radford [DD-446] stayed behind after the cruisers and other destroyers retired to pick up the Helena's survivors and fight a surface action with Jap ships that were still there in Kula Gulf.

The next surface action we were in came a week later when the same outfit of destroyers and cruisers attacked some more Jap cruisers and destroyers that were coming down from the northwest. We operated under Admiral Ainesworth that night. The destroyers were under the overall command of Captain McInerney.

After that the next surface action we were in was after the occupation of Vella Lavella, in which we took on some Jap destroyers and barges [towed craft carrying troops or cargo] to the north of Vella Lavella in a night action. The destroyers turned and ran and left their barges and we couldn't catch the destroyers. We did some damage to them, possibly destroyed some, but the major damage was done to the barges which they had left behind and many of which we sank.

Notiz: USS Laffey survived WWII and is now a memorial ship which can be visited at Patriots Point Naval & Maritime Museum in Mount Pleasant, South Carolina.


A Warrior's Destiny

His prayer entering battle was offered to a higher plane, but the words that came out of his mouth were meant for a mortal, his captain, who was standing in the pilothouse below him. “Please, sir, let’s not go down before we fire our damn torpedoes.”

Lieutenant Robert C. Hagen, the 25-year-old who spoke those words to Commander Ernest E. Evans, the captain of the USS Johnston (DD-557), had a front-row seat to a naval cataclysm. Hagen was the ship’s gunnery officer. On the morning of 25 October 1944 he had a clear, telescopic view through his Mark 37 gun director of a ship six times the Johnston’s size.

Tied into a gyro-stabilized, servo-mechanical fire-control system, Hagen kept the ship’s five single-mounted 5-inch/38s on target. When the range to the Japanese heavy cruiser, the Kumano, narrowed to 18,000 yards, he closed the firing key and began laying his barrage, walking a 200-yard ladder of fire across the path of the ship as she and five other Japanese cruisers bore down on Rear Admiral Clifton A. F. Sprague’s escort carrier unit, Taffy 3. When Hagen began to see his projectiles bursting in the Kumano’s superstructure, he tightened the ladder to 100 yards, concentrating the barrage. With five guns beating out 15 to 18 shells per minute, he quickly burned through the ship’s 200 rounds of common 5-inch. Thereafter, he fired proximity-fused rounds.

With the Johnston’s solo run against an enemy battleship and cruiser task force, the Battle off Samar was on. Admiral Sprague’s mismatched bout with Vice Admiral Takeo Kurita’s Center Force in the Battle of Leyte Gulf would go down as the U.S. Navy’s greatest upset victory. As with so many battles that find a place in legend, the seeming inevitability of destiny was apparent in retrospect. For Hagen, the path to center stage in the Philippine Sea was arbitrary and accidental—and straight as the osprey flies.

90-Day Wonder’s Early Assignments

Bob Hagen, the son of a 1911 graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy, expected to begin his naval career at Annapolis. A native of San Francisco, educated at his father’s latest duty station, Brownsville, Texas, he received an appointment to become a midshipman in 1938. He washed out the same day he arrived owing to his astigmatism. Returning to Brownsville, he piled up enough college credits in summer preparatory school to graduate junior college in one year. Hagen finished his naval reserve officer training at Northwestern University, took a commission in September 1941, and wound up beating his would-have-been classmates to ensign by about three months. The “90-day wonder” reserve officer would lord his rank seniority over his Academy-prepped colleagues. “After a few drinks I wouldn’t hesitate to let them all know it,” he said.

For his first assignment, Ensign Hagen was tapped in late 1941 to serve where destinies were given to thousands of new recruits every few weeks: Great Lakes Naval Training Station, 30 miles north of Chicago. As an assistant service school selection officer there, he stood in the stream of humanity entering the naval service, testing new boots for intelligence and aptitude, routing the best of them by the hundreds to specialty schools and the rest by the thousands to serve in the Fleet. Demand was high, smarts were important, but experience was king. Journeyman carpenters with ten years’ experience became chiefs in the Seabees.

The imperfect and arbitrary ways of personnel evaluation and assignment were evident to Hagen when five young men, stout as trees, presented themselves. Hailing from Waterloo, Iowa, they were brothers by the name of Sullivan. Hagen recalled that neither George nor Frank nor Joe nor Matt nor Al was promising by any official measure of intellect or aptitude. But somehow they had secured a special deal for themselves. “We were promised to go to the same ship,” they told Hagen.

It struck the young officer as a capitally bad idea. “Hey fellows, there’s a war on,” Hagen replied. “You don’t want to go to the same ship.” What if that ship got sunk? Hagen’s commanding officer dismissed his protest: “Hagen, do what you are told to do in the Navy. You are 22 years old, and you don’t have to think.” The Sullivans were all sent to serve in a new antiaircraft cruiser, the Juneau (CL-52).

Experienced in the idiocy of personnel administration, Hagen hungered to serve at sea. He called on his father, Ole O. Hagen, then serving in the Bureau of Ordnance, and asked to be assigned to a destroyer bound for the Pacific. In March 1942, Ensign Hagen was sent to the Aaron Ward (DD-483). As the junior ensign in Commander Orville F. Gregor’s wardroom, Hagen found the same arbitrariness he practiced at Great Lakes suddenly applied to him: He was made the assistant communications officer for no other reason than he could type 23 words a minute. In the small world of a destroyer, he drew triple duty as the assistant supply officer and radar officer too.

Traumatic Ordeal in the Aaron Ward

In the 13 November 1942 naval action off Guadalcanal, the Aaron Ward led the rear section of destroyers in Rear Admiral Daniel J. Callaghan’s column. The close-range battle fought that night would go down as one of the most violent and bloody ever. It saw the death of two flag officers: Callaghan, as well as Rear Admiral Norman Scott, one of Ole Hagen’s 1911 Naval Academy classmates, killed by a friendly salvo in the antiaircraft cruiser Atlanta (CL-51).

Standing on the Aaron Ward’s starboard bridge wing, Hagen watched the ships following astern. Through his binoculars he had a clear view of the sudden destruction of the destroyer Barton (DD-599). He saw the Monssen (DD-436) get heavily hit and an officer leap from her pilothouse to escape the fires. Dann ist die Aaron Ward took one. A Japanese shell blasted up from the wardroom below, producing a storm of shrapnel that opened the deck and filled him with steel. Weakened by arterial bleeding from his torn left bicep, Hagen instructed the chief signalman to take his place as officer of the deck.

At Great Lakes he had always had a hard time finding candidates to attend the specialty school that trained pharmacist’s mates, but it was his good fortune now to be saved by a quick-thinking pharmacist’s mate who put a tourniquet on his arm and stuck him with a morphine syrette. When another medic came upon the badly wounded officer minutes later and administered more of the painkiller, unaware of his predecessor’s work, Hagen was left to drift off to a drugged sleep. His final act of conscious thought that night was to understand he didn’t want to survive if it meant losing an arm. As his mind shut down and time ceased to move for him, he used his remaining strength to remove the tourniquet. He would take his chances with blood loss.

After dawn, Hagen came to. He found himself bathed in blood and with a front-row seat to another drama: the “battle of the cripples.” As his dulled senses returned to work, he saw an enemy battleship far away, beyond the range of his dead-in-the-water vessel’s 5-inch guns. The Japanese behemoth, the Hiei, had been badly damaged the previous night. But her men, like the Americans, possessed a fierce will to live and to fight, and they took the Aaron Ward under fire. Hagen’s most vivid memory of that morning was a comic one: his holy terror of a skipper, Captain Gregor, diving behind the pilothouse wheel housing to escape the plunging 14-inch shells. The woozy lieutenant (j.g.) found a mischievous delight in his panic.

Gregor was never the wiser. He put Hagen in for a Silver Star for accurately identifying unknown ships at the height of the battle’s chaos. He received a Purple Heart too. But bad as his ship got, the vessel that steamed ahead of the Aaron Ward that night, the Juneau, received far worse. Damaged in the night battle, the cruiser was lost to a submarine torpedo the morning after, en route to Espiritu Santo. Die Juneau didn’t sink she vanished in a cloud of yellow-brown smoke, the victim of a terrible secondary explosion in a magazine. All five Sullivan brothers were among her fatalities all but ten of her crew of about 700 died.


USS Aaron Ward (DD-483)


Figure 1: USS Aaron Ward (DD-483) approaching USS Wasp (CV-7) on 17 August 1942, during operations in the Solomon Islands area. Note that her port anchor is missing, probably removed as a weight-saving measure. Also note her pattern camouflage. Offizielles Foto der US-Marine, jetzt in den Sammlungen des Nationalarchivs. Click on photograph for larger image.

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Figure 2: The USS Aaron Ward (DD-483) berthed at the Brooklyn Navy Yard on 4 May 1942. She shows a good example of the correctly applied US Navy Measure 12 Modified camouflage. USN courtesy of Floating Drydock. Click on photograph for larger image.


Figure 3: USS Aaron Ward (DD-483) probably photographed in New York Harbor, circa 15 May 1942. Wartime censors retouched this image. They removed radar antennas atop the gun director and foremast. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center. Click on photograph for larger image.


Figure 4: USS Aaron Ward (DD-483) afloat immediately after she was launched, at the Federal Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company shipyard, Kearny, New Jersey, 22 November 1941. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph. Click on photograph for larger image.


Figure 5: View on board the USS Aaron Ward (DD-483), looking aft from the bow, while the ship was in New York Harbor on 15 May 1942. Note her forward 5"/38 gun mounts, with 5" powder canisters stacked on deck nearby and Mark 37 gun director, with "FD" radar antenna, atop the pilothouse. Der Schlepper Robert Aikman and a Navy covered lighter (YF) are alongside. Fort Richmond, on Staten Island, is visible in the right distance. Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives. Click on photograph for larger image.


Figure 6: Ships of Task Force 18 in Tulagi Harbor, Solomon Islands, shortly before departing hurredly to avoid the large-scale Japanese air attack that marked the beginning of Japan’s "I" Operation, 7 April 1943. Photographed from USS Fletcher (DD-445). USS Aaron Ward (DD-483) is partially visible at left. She was fatally damaged in this air attack and sank near Tulagi during salvage attempts. Light cruiser in center is USS Honolulu (CL-48). USS Saint Louis (CL-49) is behind her, to the right, with a Fletcher class destroyer beyond. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center. Click on photograph for larger image.

USS Aaron Ward (DD-483) was the Sekunde ship named after Rear Admiral Aaron Ward, who served in the US Navy from 1867 to 1913. Aaron Ward was a 1,630-ton Handschuhe class destroyer that was built by the Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Company at Kearny, New Jersey, and was commissioned on 4 March 1942. The ship was approximately 348 feet long and 36 feet wide, and had a top speed of 35 knots and a crew of 208 officers and men. She was armed with four 5-inch guns, two twin 40-mm gun mounts, two single 20-mm gun mounts, two quintuple 21-inch torpedo tube mounts and depth charges.

After a brief shakedown cruise off the coast of Maine, Aaron Ward was sent to the Pacific in May 1942. For roughly a month she escorted the aircraft carrier Long Island (AVG-1) and several old battleships as they left America’s West Coast and patrolled the waters off Hawaii. Aaron Ward then played a substantial role in the naval battle for Guadalcanal. In July, Aaron Ward steamed toward the South Pacific, where she escorted merchant ships to Guadalcanal. While escorting some warships near the island, Aaron Ward witnessed the sinking of the carrier USS Wasp (CV-7) after it was torpedoed by the Japanese submarine I-19 on 15 September 1942. On 17 October 1942, Aaron Ward fought off several Japanese aircraft and bombarded enemy positions on shore. On October 20, while screening American warships, she came to the assistance of the heavy cruiser USS Chester (CA-37) after she was torpedoed by another Japanese submarine. Aaron Ward escorted the damaged cruiser to Espiritu Santo in the New Hebrides for repairs.

Aaron Ward shelled additional Japanese positions on Guadalcanal on 30 October as part of a task force centered on the light cruiser USS Atlanta (CL-51). Aaron Ward escorted merchant ships to Guadalcanal on 11-12 November and successfully protected them against enemy air attacks as they steamed off the coast of the island. On the night of 12-13 November 1942, during a major naval battle off Guadalcanal, Aaron Ward was part of a group of cruisers and destroyers that attacked a larger Japanese naval task force that included two battleships. The destroyer was hit several times during the battle and was even fired on (but not hit) by the Japanese battleship Hiei.

After the battle, Aaron Ward was sent to Pearl Harbor for repairs. She was sent back to Guadalcanal in February 1943. While steaming in nearby Tulagi Harbor on 7 April, Aaron Ward received a radar warning that a huge Japanese air raid was about to take place. The destroyer quickly moved away from Tulagi and went into the open waters of nearby Iron Bottom Sound (which got that name because of all of the ships that were sunk there). There the Aaron Ward’s luck ran out because several Japanese dive-bombers attacked her. The ship sustained one direct hit and several near misses, which flooded both her fireroom and engine room. Twenty-seven men were killed during the attack and 59 were wounded. The ship also had no power and began to sink. Two salvage ships came to the assistance of the Aaron Ward and tried to tow the stricken destroyer back to Tulagi. But the damage was too great and she soon sank, stern first, only 600 yards away from shore.

Die Aaron Ward received four battle stars for her service in World War II. However, her story does not end there. During the mid-1990s, the wreck of the Aaron Ward was discovered by divers off the coast of Tulagi. She is sitting upright 240 feet below the surface, with both her bow and stern seriously mangled by the destroyer’s impact with the ocean floor. But despite the damage, the ship is well preserved and numerous divers have visited it. Aaron Ward may have been sunk in 1943, but to this day she provides mute testimony to the viciousness of the naval battles that were fought off the coast of Guadalcanal.


TM1c John Crockett Ravin Historical Information

USS Aaron Ward (DD-483), Commander Orville F. Gregor commanding. Damaged 15 KIA, 38 WIA.Aaron Ward, leading the trailing four destroyers, plowed into the mass of wrecked and burning ships on both sides. The trail destroyers could all see the carnage ahead, but none of them faltered. Opening fire on Hiei at 7,000 yards, Aaron Ward had to go to an emergency backing bell to avoid hitting a burning Japanese destroyer. Die Yudachi (which seemed to be everywhere in the battle) was hit by either gunfire from Aaron Ward or by friendly fire from another Japanese destroyer, the Asagumo, which left her dead in the water. Two torpedoes passed under Aaron Ward, which probably hit the Barton. Aaron Ward attempted to launch torpedoes at Hiei, aber San Francisco was then too close to Hiei und Aaron Ward checked fire before blasting her way through a couple of Japanese destroyers on both sides. Damaged by nine direct hits, including three 14-inch battleship shells, Aaron Ward lost power at about 0235 and went dead in the water.” Commander Gregor (future rear admiral) awarded Navy Cross. USS Aaron Ward would be bombed and sunk off Guadalcanal on 7 April 1943.


April 7, 1943 – This Day During World War ll – Japanese attack force bombs and sinks the Destroyer Aaron Ward (DD-483)

April 7, 1943 – A Japanese attack force of 157 Zero fighters and 67 D3A dive bombers hit Tulagi in the Solomon Islands sinking the Destroyer Aaron Ward (DD-483) USS Aaron Ward (DD-483) was a Gleaves-class destroyer in the service of the United States Navy. She was the second Navy ship named in honor of Rear Admiral Aaron Ward.
On 7 April, the Ward and three tank landing craft from the Russell Islands sailed to Savo Island. At about noon, the destroyer received notification of an impending air raid at Guadalcanal.
As the ships neared their destination, Aaron Ward received orders at about 1330 to leave her convoy to cover LST-449 off Togoma Point, Guadalcanal. (One of the passengers on LST-449 was then Lieutenant (junior grade) John F. Kennedy, later to become President of the United States, on his way to take command of PT-109.) Joining the tank landing ship at 1419, the destroyer directed her to follow her movements and zigzag at the approach of enemy aircraft. While the LST maneuvered to conform to Aaron Ward’s movements, Lieutenant Commander Frederick J. Becton, commanding officer of Aaron Ward, planned to retire to the eastward through Lengo Channel, as other cargo ships and escorting ships were doing upon receipt of the air raid warning from Guadalcanal.
Sighting a dogfight over Savo Island, Aaron Ward tracked a closer group of Japanese planes heading south over Tulagi while swinging to starboard, the ship suddenly sighted three enemy planes coming out of the sun. Surging ahead to flank speed and putting her rudder over hard to port, Aaron Ward opened fire with her 20 mm and 40 mm guns, followed shortly afterwards by her 5-inch battery. Bombs from the first three planes struck on or near the ship, and the mining effect of the near-misses proved devastating the first bomb was a near miss, which tore holes in the side of the ship, allowing the forward fire room to ship water rapidly the second struck home in the engine room, causing a loss of all electrical power on the 5 inch and 40 mm mounts. Shifting to local control, however, the gunners kept up the fire. A third bomb splashed close aboard, holing her port side, near the after engine room. Having lost power to her rudder, the ship continued to swing to port as another trio of dive bombers loosed their loads on the now-helpless destroyer. While none of these bombs hit the ship, two landed very near her port side. Twenty men died, 59 were wounded, and seven went missing.
Despite the best efforts of her determined crew, and the assistance of Ortolan and Vireo, the destroyer settled lower in the water. When it became evident that the battle to save Aaron Ward was being lost, Ortolan and Vireo attempted to beach her on a shoal near Tinete Point of Nggela Sule. At 21:35, however, Aaron Ward sank, stern-first, in 40 fathoms (70 m) of water, only 600 yards (550 m) from shoal water.

USS Aaron Ward approaching USS Wasp during operations in the Solomon Islands area.


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Photo: USS AARON WARD (DD-483) in New York harbour in 1942.

© Official U.S. Navy Photograph - Naval Historical Center

USS AARON WARD (DD-483) was a Gleaves-class destroyer that served in the United States Navy from March 4, 1942 to April 7, 1943.

USS AARON WARD (DD-483) was named in honor of Rear Admiral Aaron Ward.

USS AARON WARD (DD-483) sank on April 7, 1943 in a shoal near Tinete Point of Nggela Sule, Solomon Islands during OPERATION I-GO. Her wreck was discovered on September 4, 1994.

Following her shakedown out of Casco Bay, Maine, and post-shakedown availability at the New York Navy Yard, Brooklyn, N.Y., USS AARON WARD (DD-483) sailed for the Pacific on May 20, 1942 and proceeded via the Panama Canal to San Diego, California. A short time later, as the Battle of Midway was developing off to the westward, AARON WARD (DD-483) operated in the screen of Vice Adm. William S. Pye's Task Force (TF) 1, built around seven battleships and USS LONG ISLAND (AVG-1) as it steamed out into the Pacific Ocean, eventually reaching a point some 1,200 miles west of San Francisco and equally northeast of Hawaii, to "support the current operations against the enemy." With the detachment of Long Island from the task force on 17 June, Aaron Ward screened her on her voyage back to San Diego.

After local operations off the west coast, USS AARON WARD (DD-483) sailed for Hawaii on 30 June 1942 and proceeded thence to the Tonga Islands with TF 18. Assigned to escort duties soon thereafter, she convoyed USS CIMARRON (AO-22) to Noumea, New Caledonia. During the course of the voyage she made two sound contacts, one on August 5, 1942 and the other the following day, which she developed and attacked with depth charges. Although she claimed a probable sinking in each case, neither "kill" was borne out in postwar accounting. Subsequently assigned to screening duties with forces seeking to cover and resupply Guadalcanal, Aaron Ward saw USS WASP (CV-7) torpedoed by 1-19 on September 15, 1942.

Within a month's time, USS AARON WARD (DD-483) was earmarked for a shore bombardment mission on October 17, 1942. AARON WARD (DD-483) stand an diesem Tag um 07:17 Uhr in den Lunga Roads, um einen USMC-Verbindungsoffizier anzulügen und abzuwarten, der Ziele für das Schiff bestimmen würde. Bevor sie jedoch Passagiere an Bord nehmen konnte, entdeckte sie fünf feindliche Bomber, die sich von Westen näherten. Diese griffen gegen 07:24 Uhr AARON WARD (DD-483) an, stießen jedoch auf ein schweres Flak-Sperrfeuer sowohl vom Schiff als auch von den Marinegeschützen an Land. Der Zerstörer fuhr mit Flankengeschwindigkeit voraus, als er die Angreifer entdeckte, um Ausweichmanöver durchzuführen und den fallenden Bomben auszuweichen, wobei er je nach Anlass radikal nach rechts oder links ausschlug. Drei Bomben schlugen 100 bis 300 Meter hinter dem Schiff ein. Die Marines behaupteten jedoch, zwei der fünf Angreifer zerstört zu haben, während sich das Schiff und die Marines einen dritten "Tötung" teilten

Die Aktion war beendet, USS AARON WARD (DD-483) stand um 08:00 Uhr in den Lunga Roads und schiffte Martin Clemens ein, den ehemaligen britischen Konsularvertreter auf Guadalcanal, der damals als "Küstenwächter" diente, Maj. C.M. Nees, USMC und Cpl. R. M. Howard, USMC, ein Fotograf, machte sich kurz darauf auf den Weg und erreichte ihr Zielgebiet innerhalb von 40 Minuten. Drei Stunden lang beschoss AARON WARD (DD-483) Ward japanische Küstenpositionen, ihre Ziele reichten von einer Geschützstellung bis hin zu Munitionsdeponien, Feuer, Rauch und Explosionen kennzeichneten ihren Besuch, als sie das Gebiet verließ. Als sie um 12:16 Uhr die Lunga Roads erreichte, verließ sie ihre Passagiere und nachdem sie für einen japanischen Luftangriff in Alarmbereitschaft getreten war, der nicht zustande kam, säuberte sie den Lengo-Kanal und schloss sich ihrer Einsatzgruppe wieder an.

Drei Tage später, während die USS AARON WARD (DD-483) erneut Kontrolloperationen durchführte, sah die USS CHESTER (CA-27) am 20. Oktober 1942 einen Torpedo. AARON WARD (DD-483) ging dem angeschlagenen Kreuzer zu Hilfe und warf ein volles Wasserbombenmuster auf CHESTER's Angreifer I-176 ab, kam aber mit leeren Händen zurück. AARON WARD (DD-483) eskortierte dann das beschädigte Schiff nach Espiritu Santo.

Zehn Tage nach ihrer fehlgeschlagenen Jagd auf die I-176 führte die USS AARON WARD (DD-483) eine weitere Bombardierung japanischer Stellungen auf Guadalcanal durch, diesmal in Begleitung von USS ATLANTA (CL-51), dem Flaggschiff von Konteradmiral Norman Scott (Commander, Task Group (TG) 64.4) und die Zerstörer Benham (DD-397), USS FLETCHER (DD-445) und USS LARDNER (DD-487). Als die Einsatzgruppe am 30. Oktober 1942 um 05:20 Uhr am Lunga Point ankam, trat ein Verbindungsoffizier von Generalmajor Alexander A. Vandegrift, dem Kommandeur der First Marine Division, 20 Minuten später in Atlanta ein.

Die TG 64.4 dampfte zu ihrem ausgewiesenen Gebiet und erreichte ihr Ziel innerhalb einer Stunde, und um 06:29 Uhr eröffnete das Flaggschiff von Rear Admiral Scott das Feuer. Die USS AARON WARD (DD-483) folgte kurz darauf schließlich, bevor sie um 08:40 Uhr das Feuer einstellte, und verbrauchte 711 Schuss 5-Zoll-Munition. AARON WARD (DD-483) machte eine kurze Pause, um ein gemeldetes U-Boot in der Nähe zu untersuchen, und räumte das Gebiet dann kurz vor 09:00 Uhr, ihre Mission abgeschlossen.

Die USS AARON WARD (DD-483) überwachte am 11. und 12. November 1942 Transporte, die Männer und Material vor Guadalcanal entladen.

Am 12. November 1942 um 18:30 Uhr zog sich die USS AARON WARD (DD-483) mit ihrer Einsatzgruppe in östlicher Richtung zurück. Noch später kehrte die Truppe – fünf Kreuzer und acht Zerstörer unter Konteradmiral Daniel J. Callaghan – ihren Kurs um und trat durch den Lengo-Kanal zurück. Am 13. November 1942 um 01:30 Uhr nahmen die amerikanischen Schiffe, die Radar besaßen, zahlreiche Kontakte auf ihren Bildschirmen auf, die "Volunteer Attack Force" unter Konteradmiral Abe Hiroaki, die aus zwei Schlachtschiffen, einem leichten Kreuzer und 14 Zerstörern bestand.

Die USS AARON WARD (DD-483), die die vier Zerstörer anführte, die das Ende von Callaghans Kolonne bildeten, griff um 01:45 Uhr mit ihrem FD-Radar auf die japanischen Schiffe ein und eröffnete kurz darauf das Feuer auf ein Ziel, das sie für ein Schlachtschiff hielt. Kurze Zeit später, nachdem das Schiff ca. 10 Salven abgefeuert hatte, sah es, dass die vor ihm fahrenden Kreuzer um 0:15 Uhr offenbar den Kurs geändert hatten und beide Maschinen stoppten und zurücksetzten, beobachtete AARON WARD (DD-483) zwei Torpedos unter sich vorbeiziehen.

Einen Augenblick später explodierte die in der Nähe befindliche USS BARTON (DD-599) (sie war von dem Zerstörer AMATSUKAZE torpediert worden), kurz bevor die USS AARON WARD (DD-483) mit klarem Wasser vor ihr erneut vortrieb. Sie bereitete sich darauf vor, Torpedos auf ein Ziel nach Backbord abzufeuern, tat es jedoch nicht, weil sie ein Schiff sichtete, das sie für die USS SAN FRANCISCO (CA-38) in 1500 Metern Entfernung hielt. Um 02:204 Uhr, als AARON WARD (DD-483) beobachtete, was sie für die USS STERETT (DD-407) hielt, die direkt auf ihre Backbordseite zusteuerte, ging sie mit Flankengeschwindigkeit voraus und legte ihr Ruder über Backbord, um eine Kollision zu vermeiden .

Kurze Zeit später begann die USS AARON WARD (DD-483) auf ein feindliches Schiff zu schießen und schleuderte etwa 25 Salven in ihre Richtung. Ihr Ziel könnte der japanische Zerstörer AKATSUKI gewesen sein, der explodierte und sank und alle Hände mit sich nahm. AARON WARD (DD-483) änderte seinen Kurs, um ein neues Ziel im Nahkampf zu erreichen, und schaffte es, vier Salven unter der Kontrolle des Direktors abzufeuern, bis eine japanische Granate den Direktor außer Gefecht setzte und die Kanoniere des Zerstörers zwang, sich auf die lokale Kontrolle zu verlassen .

In den darauffolgenden Minuten erhielt die USS AARON WARD (DD-483) acht weitere direkte Treffer, die Freund und Feind nicht unterscheiden konnten und sicher war, dass der Feind ihren amerikanischen Charakter sicher etabliert hatte, stach der Zerstörer dann heraus, um das Gebiet zu räumen. AARON WARD (DD-483) verlor um 02:22 Uhr die Kontrolle über die Steuerung und versuchte, mit ihren Motoren zu steuern, nach rechts zu kommen. Als AARON WARD (DD-483) nach 02:30 Uhr kein Feuer mehr sah, als die Schlacht anscheinend endete, ging sie um 02:35 Uhr tot im Wasser, ihr vorderer Maschinenraum war mit Salzwasser überflutet und ihr Speisewasser war verschwunden.

Mit einer Benzinpumpe gelang es der Besatzung der USS AARON WARD (DD-483) jedoch, Salzwasser in die Tanks zu pumpen und die Kessel anzuzünden. Um 05:00 Uhr bewegte sich die USS AARON WARD (DD-483) langsam voran, auf dem Weg zum Sea Lark Channel, zehn Minuten später schlossen amerikanische Motortorpedoboote, und der Zerstörer gab ihnen ein Zeichen, Tulagi um einen Schlepper zu bitten. Sie hielt ihr Kriechtempo jedoch nur eine halbe Stunde durch, als sie wieder tot im Wasser lag.

Dreißig Minuten nachdem sie zum Stehen gekommen war, entdeckte die USS AARON WARD (DD-483) einen unwillkommenen Anblick: ein japanisches Schlachtschiff, HIEI, das langsam im Kreis zwischen Savo und Florida Islands dampfte. Ebenfalls in der Nähe, näher an Guadalcanal, lagen die USS ATLANTA, USS PORTLAND (CA-33), USS CushING (DD-376) und USS MONSSEN (DD-436) alle beschädigt, und die Zerstörer brannten beide. Die Anwesenheit des japanischen Zerstörers YUDACHI in der Nähe erwies sich als ihr eigenes Verderben: USS PORTLAND versenkte sie kurz darauf kurzerhand.

USS AARON WARD (DD-483), vielleicht aufgrund der Nähe von HIEI dazu dringender aufgefordert, machte sich um 06:18 Uhr auf den Weg und begrüßte zwei Minuten später den alten Schlepper (ehemaligen Minensucher) BOBOLINK (ATO-131), der war angekommen, um den Zerstörer ins Schlepptau zu nehmen. Doch bevor die Leine aufgebaut werden konnte, entdeckte HIEI AARON WARD (DD-483) und eröffnete mit ihren schweren Geschützen das Feuer. Vier Salven mit zwei Kanonen donnerten von HIEI, von denen die dritte den verkrüppelten AARON WARD (DD-483) überspannte. Glücklicherweise begannen Flugzeuge, die von Henderson Field geschickt wurden, über HIEI zu arbeiten und lenkten gerade noch rechtzeitig ihre Aufmerksamkeit ab.

Um 06:35 Uhr verlor die AARON WARD (DD-483) erneut die Leistung, wurde von BOBOLINK ins Schlepptau genommen und die Schiffe begannen, sich in Sicherheit zu bringen. Um 06:50 übergab der Schlepper den Schlepper an ein District Patrouillenboot (YP), und der Zerstörer ankerte um 08:30 Uhr im Hafen von Tulagi in der Nähe der Insel Makambo. Bei den neun Volltreffern, die sie erhalten hatte, kamen 15 Mann ums Leben und 57 wurden verletzt. Nach vorübergehender Reparatur vor Ort segelte AARON WARD (DD-483) kurz darauf nach Hawaii und erreichte Pearl Harbor am 20. Dezember 1942 für dauerhafte Reparaturen.

AARON WARD (DD-483) schloss sich am 6. Februar 1943 wieder der Flotte an und nahm bald die Geleitarbeit wieder auf. Während eines Einsatzes mit einem kleinen Konvoi am 20. März 1943 half sie dabei, angreifende japanische Flugzeuge zu vertreiben. Kurze Zeit später, am 7. April 1943, hatte sie den Hochgeschwindigkeitstransporter Ward (APD-16) und drei Panzer-Landungsboote (LCT) von den Russell-Inseln nach Savo eskortiert. Die USS AARON WARD (DD-483) erwartete nicht vor 14.00 Uhr anzukommen und fuhr mit 25 Knoten voraus, um Ward und die drei LCTs mit Luftschutz zu versorgen, bis sie Tulagi erreichten. Gegen Mittag erhielt der Zerstörer jedoch die Mitteilung über einen bevorstehenden Luftangriff auf Guadalcanal.

Als sich die Schiffe ihrem Ziel näherten, erhielt AARON WARD (DD-483) gegen 13:30 Uhr den Befehl, ihren Konvoi zu verlassen, um LST-449 vor Togoma Point, Guadalcanal, zu decken. Um 14:19 Uhr schloss sich AARON WARD (DD-483) dem Panzerlandungsschiff an und wies es an, seinen Bewegungen zu folgen und beim Anflug feindlicher Flugzeuge im Zickzack zu fahren. Während die LST manövrierte, um den Bewegungen von AARON WARD (DD-483) zu entsprechen, plante der Kapitän des letzteren, sich nach Osten durch den Lengo-Kanal zurückzuziehen, wie es andere Frachtschiffe und Begleitschiffe nach Erhalt der Luftangriffswarnung von Guadalcanal taten.

Die USS AARON WARD (DD-483) beobachtete einen Luftkampf über der Insel Savo und verfolgte eine nähere Gruppe japanischer Flugzeuge, die nach Süden über Tulagi fuhren, während sie nach Steuerbord schwenkte. Plötzlich sah das Schiff drei feindliche Flugzeuge, die aus der Sonne kamen. Die USS AARON WARD (DD-483) schoss auf Flankengeschwindigkeit voran und legte ihr Ruder ganz nach links, eröffnete das Feuer mit ihren 20-Millimeter- und 40-Millimeter-Geschützen, kurz darauf gefolgt von ihrer 5-Zoll-Batterie. Die Bomben der ersten drei Flugzeuge schlugen auf oder in der Nähe des Schiffes ein, und der Bergbaueffekt der Beinahe-Unfälle erwies sich als verheerend der zweite schlug im Maschinenraum ein und verursachte einen Verlust der gesamten elektrischen Leistung an den 5-Zoll- und 40-Millimeter-Halterungen. Die Kanoniere wechselten jedoch zur lokalen Kontrolle und hielten das Feuer aufrecht. Eine dritte Bombe platschte dicht an Bord und durchbohrte ihre Backbordseite in der Nähe des Achtermaschinenraums. AARON WARD (DD-483) schwenkte weiter nach links, nachdem ihr Ruder die Kraft verloren hatte, während ein weiteres Trio von Sturzkampfbombern ihre Ladungen auf den jetzt hilflosen Zerstörer abwarf. Während keine dieser Bomben das Schiff traf, landeten zwei sehr nahe seiner Backbordseite. Zwanzig Zerstörer waren gestorben, 59 wurden verwundet, sieben wurden vermisst.

Trotz aller Bemühungen ihrer entschlossenen Besatzung und der Hilfe des U-Boot-Rettungsschiffs USS ORTOLAN (ASR-5) und des Schleppers USS VIREO (ATO-144) ließ sich die USS AARON WARD (DD-483) jedoch tiefer im Wasser nieder. Als sich herausstellte, dass der Kampf um die Rettung von AARON WARD (DD-483) verloren war, versuchten USS ORTOLAN und USS VIREO, sie auf einer Untiefe in der Nähe von Tinete Point zu stranden. Um 21:35 Uhr sank die USS AARON WARD (DD-483) jedoch mit dem Heck voran in 40 Faden Wasser, nur 600 Meter vom Untiefenwasser entfernt.

Die USS AARON WARD (DD-483) wurde für ihren Dienst im Zweiten Weltkrieg mit vier Kampfsternen ausgezeichnet.


Befindet sich eine Person vor der NF-Zulassung in einem Waiver und erlebt einen Aufenthalt von weniger als 30 Tagen, muss die CFR/Stammesnation die Service Lines schließen, kann aber unter bestimmten Umständen die Waiver-Spanne offen lassen. Weitere Informationen finden Sie unter CBSM – Ausstieg aus dem vorübergehenden Verzicht: MMIS-Aktionen.

Wenn die Person einen NF-Aufenthalt von mehr als 30 Tagen erlebt, muss die CFR-Stammesnation die Ausnahmeregelung schließen. Die CFR/Stammesnation muss sicherstellen, dass das Datum der Verzichtserklärung gleich oder früher als das Datum der NF-Zulassung in MMIS ist. Die Person benötigt eine neue persönliche MnCHOICES-Beurteilung, um in die Gemeinschaft zurückzukehren.


Schau das Video: EP01 No knife, clothes and no equipment, Start challenging the jungle to survive for 100 days 丨DAY 1